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Best 8 Engineering Courses in India

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THE STATE OF ENGINEERING GRADUATES IN INDIA

Engineering has been the crux of innovation since the beginning of our existence. Being an engineer is to ideate and construct a meaningful output utilizing the resources available. To direct the process purposefully, we create products which serve a purpose or solve a problem. Eventually, as the man started facing problems, engineers began to solve them and henceforth engineering institutionalized into an important education estate.

India produces around 1.5 million engineers every year. It’s certain that every year thousands of them face an unresolved puzzle– Which course or branch should I choose? Undoubtedly, your future is dependent on the choice you make but the entire process is much simpler than how it is projected.

Solution to your problem while choosing the best engineering Course 

Let’s solve the problem your way:

  1. Identify 3 engineering courses or branches of your interest
  2. Weigh your preferences and note down why have you chosen each of the branches of engineering
  3. Consult people with knowledge and your personal guides who are experts in engineering.
  4. Do a full-fledged research on the engineering branch you have chosen
  5. You might realize that apart from the branch, the engineering university you apply to also matters
  6. Finally, listen to your intuition and take a decision

Hence, the equation is:

BRAINSTORMING + CONSULTING + INTUITION = YOUR ENGINEERING COURSE & UNIVERSITY

In the process, you might also be influenced by catalysts like your parent’s dream or peer pressure or popular choice; but the onus is on you to decide on what should you let affect you.

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Best engineering courses in India

Well, I decided to help you a little further. After reading multiple opinions and analyzing data, I have listed down the Best 8 branches of Engineering in India. To resolve your confusion, each of the branches below is followed by a description. (the order does not imply the rank of preference or popularity of the branch)

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  1. Electrical engineering

It started in the 19th Century; when electricity was invented. We were faced with a dire need for engineers who specialized in controlling and manipulating electricity. Hence, electrical engineering took birth. As per the US Bureau of Labor Statistics – Electrical engineers design, develop, test and supervise the manufacturing of electrical equipment like motors, radar, navigation systems, etc. It is rated as among the topmost engineering courses in India.

Core subjects of learning: Electricity technology & machines, circuit analysis, electromagnetism, electrical engineering material, control systems, power engineering, thermodynamics, microprocessor interfacing, mathematics, electric and electronic theory

Best 5 institutes/universities for electrical engineering:

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Madras

Employment Sectors: Research & Development industries; engineering services; manufacturing industries like aerospace, defence, automobile, consumer electronics; government sectors.

Best Recruiters: BHEL, NHPC, Reliance Industries Ltd, Siemens, Samsung, Hitachi, Tata Power, etc.

Current average salary: 3.4 lakhs per annum

  1. Electronics and communication engineering

It’s very convenient to make a call and converse for hours but behind lies a strongly engineered system which makes reception of data easy. With every system comes problems which need an engineer’s attention. An Electronics and Communication engineer researches, designs, develops and tests electronic equipment used in various communication systems. They also look into installation and functioning of various communication mechanisms. As we entered the 21st Century, demand for this sector increased tremendously such that it has grown at the rate of 9.88% between 2011 and 2015.

Core subjects of learning:  Electromagnetics, electronics, circuits, and machines, signals & systems, digital signal processing, microprocessors, communication systems, embedded systems, optical systems, VLSI, etc.

Best 5 institutes/universities for electronics and communication engineering

  1. Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  2. Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
  3. Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS – Pilani)
  4. Indian Institute of Technology – Banaras Hindu University,
  5. Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati

Employment sectors: Consumer electronics, aviation & avionics, manufacturing, electricity generation & distribution, communication, transportation, telecommunication, radio, television, computer application, etc.

Best recruiters: BEL, Nokia, CISCO, NVIDIA, HP, IBM, Toshiba, Philips, Texas Instruments, LG Electronics

Current average salary: 3.05 lakhs per annum

  1. Mechanical engineering

To convert an idea into a physical form, the aid of a mechanical engineer is primary.  Mechanical engineers have been creating technology that humans need since ages. Over the time it has evolved into a fundamental branch of engineering involving creating working mechanisms using different materials to generate an output in the form of machines.

Core subjects of learning: Materials, solid-fluid dynamics, thermodynamics, heat transfer, design & manufacturing, control, instrumentation

Best 5 Institutes/universities for mechanical engineering

  1. Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai
  2. Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
  3. Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  4. Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
  5. Indian Institute of Technology, Madras

Employment sectors: Automobile (engine, sensors, transmissions); aerospace (aeroplanes, aircraft engines, control systems); biotechnology (implants, prosthetic devices, fluidic systems); computers & electronics (disk driver, cooling systems, printers); energy conversion (gas turbines, wind turbines, solar energy)

Best recruiters: Tata, Kirloskar, Godrej, Thyssen Krupp, Siemens, Suzlon, Defense Research & Development Organisation

Current average salary: 3.6 lakhs per annum

  1. Computer Science Engineering

One of the fastest growing sectors in India today, its share in India’s GDP grew by 14.4% in 2013-14. Computer science engineers are on demand till computer lives in any form which is probably till infinity. They design, implement and manage information systems; both hardware and software as well as computer and computational processes.

Core subjects of learning: Computer architecture & organization, the theory of computation, database systems, electronics, operating systems, computer networks, compiler design, java programming, website design, the foundation of computer systems

Best institutes/universities for Computer Science Engineering

  1. Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai
  2. Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
  3. Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  4. Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
  5. Indian Institute of Technology, Madras

Employment sectors: Information Technology, telecommunication, database management, computer hardware & software, gaming, web design

Best recruiters: TCS, Infosys, HCL, Wipro, Accenture, Cognizant, Microsoft, IBM, Adobe, Google

Current average salary: 3.95 lakhs per annum

  1. Civil engineering

Our government repeatedly emphasizing on building well-equipped infrastructure. Their efforts have generated many employment opportunities in both public and private sectors for civil engineers. According to FICCI report, Indian construction market’s worth has increased by $US 4 billion in 2013-14. Seconding the prediction, US Bureau of Labor Statistics also predicts that by 2022 employment opportunities will escalate by 20%.

A civil engineer’s work is to build, supervise, operate and maintain construction projects and perform tasks like surveying data, on plan projects, combining & submitting permit applications, project verification according to government and local needs.

Core subjects: Structural analysis, CAD, fundamentals of physics, fundamentals of chemistry, fundamental of advanced mathematics, thermodynamics

Best institutes/universities for civil engineering

  1. Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai
  2. Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
  3. Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
  4. Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
  5. Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

Employment sectors: Public and private sectors

Best recruiters: Gammon India, Larsen & Toubro Ltd, Punj Lloyd Group, Jaiprakash Associates, Lanco Infratech Ltd, Nagarjuna Construction Company

Current average salary: 3.52 lakhs per annum

  1. Telecommunication engineering

One of the emerging branches of the 21st Century, telecommunication is a baby that literally grew up quickly to become a giant industry. A telecommunication engineer essentially tests, designs and monitors everything involving the transmission of info across wired/non-wired channels.

Core subjects: Analog & digital communication, computer networks & systems, satellite transmission, probability & statistics, fibre-optics, fundamentals of mechanics, C-language programming

5 institutes/universities for telecommunication engineering

  1. Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  2. Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
  3. Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS – Pilani)
  4. Indian Institute of Technology – Banaras Hindu University
  5. Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati

Employment sectors: telephone & internet networks, radio broadcasting, television broadcasting, satellite communication, government sectors like railways, defence

Best recruiters: Ericson, BT, Virgin Media, Vodafone, Airtel, BSNL, Huawei

Current average salary: 3.74 lakhs per annum

  1. Instrumentation and control

Have you seen anybody using a scale to measure length or count notes manually anymore? It’s a rare sight because instrumentation & control engineers have made situations in everyday life easily measurable. In the current scenario, their role involves design, development and managing equipment used to control systems.

Core subjects: Electrical technology, microprocessors, microcontrollers, signals, electrical & electronic measurements, measurement systems & control

Best institutes/universities for engineering in instrumentation and control

  1. Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai
  2. Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
  3. Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
  4. Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
  5. Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

Employment sectors: steel plants, cement manufacturing, thermal power plants, renewable energy companies and other companies which use equipment; companies manufacturing measuring equipment

Best recruiters: National instruments, ABB, L&T, Robert Bosch, ESSAR, Invenys, Suzlon

Current average salary: 3.95 lakhs per annum

  1. Chemical engineering

Chemical engineering was at its rudimentary stage since Romans started building roads in 300 BC, however, over the time its application has changed to formulating processes to create products for large-scale manufacturing; be it integrated circuits or disease-fighting drugs, they trace the chemical mechanism behind it. The emergence of nanotechnology has given chemical engineering another broader segment to look at.

Core subjects: Applied mathematics, material & energy balances, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, energy & mass transfer, separation technologies, kinetics, chemical reactions, reactor design, engineering graphics

Best 5 institutes/universities for chemical engineering

  1. Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai
  2. Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
  3. Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
  4. Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  5. Indian Institute of Technology, Madras

Employment sectors: Petroleum products manufacturing, coal products manufacturing, manufacturing of fibers, Research & Development in fields like life sciences, food processing, health and safety industries, biotechnology

Best recruiters: Essar Oil Ltd, Coromandel fertilizers, Reliance Industries Limited, Gujarat Gas Company Ltd, Indo Gulf Fertilizers

Current average salary: 4.77 lakhs per annum

Add-ons:

  • Most of the engineering degrees can be pursued till PhD. Some of them also have certifications crediting specialization like android developer certification, Apple iOS certification, etc.
  • As per the norm, a bachelor’s degree in any of the engineering branch is a must. However, employers appreciate additional degrees or certificates. Current trends pinpoint that a Masters degree eventually becomes a mandatory requirement.
  • On average fresher engineers in India have a starting salary between 3.4 – 4.4 lakhs

What next? 

final stat

It’s not just conventions that persuade Indian parents to coax their children to pursue engineering; there was a time period when engineering was at its peak and employment was guaranteed. In present, the scenario is more challenging and competitive as the number of engineers exceeds the number of jobs available in the market. As per surveys and data collected by many sources, India produces 1.5 million engineers every year which are more than the number produced by US and China combined. Colleges are facing problems in placing their students as companies have reduced the number of offerings. For instance, only 1,005 students of the 1,501 students who opted for placements at IIT Mumbai were placed last year.

However, on the other side is the industry of startups which is willingly being supported by big firms. They are venturing into newer technologies, inventing digital business plans and creating a niche market for themselves. Now the question arises – SHOULD YOU TAKE UP ENGINEERING?

The answer is simple – either choose a branch of your choice and explore it beyond textbook knowledge; else in four years develop a startup idea that a venture capitalist cannot refuse. Both the ways should lead you to an engineering career you have anticipated.

 

In Brief [sociallocker]

Engineering branchBest institutes/universitiesBest recruitersAverage salary per annum
Electrical EngineeringIIT, Bombay

IIT, Delhi

IIT, Kharagpur

IIT, Kanpur

IIT, Madras

BHEL, NHPC, RIL, Siemens, Samsung, Hitachi3.4 lakhs
Electronics & Communication engineeringIIT, Kharagpur

IIT, Roorke

BITS – Pilani

IIT, Banaras Hindu University,

IIT, Guwahati

BEL, Nokia, CISCO, NVIDIA, HP, IBM, Toshiba, Philips3.05 lakhs
Mechanical EngineeringIIT, Bombay

IIT, Delhi

IIT, Kharagpur

IIT, Kanpur

IIT, Madras

Tata, Kirloskar, Godrej, Thyssen Krupp, Siemens, Suzlon3.6 lakhs
Computer Science EngineeringIIT, Bombay

IIT, Delhi

IIT, Kharagpur

IIT, Kanpur

IIT, Madras

TCS, Infosys, HCL, Wipro, Accenture, Cognizant, Microsoft3.95 lakhs
Civil EngineeringIIT, Bombay

IIT, Delhi

IIT, Madras

IIT, Kharagpur

IIT, Kanpur

Gammon India, Larsen & Toubro Ltd, Punj Lloyd Group, Jaiprakash Associates, Lanco Infratech Ltd,3.52 lakhs
Telecommunication EngineeringIIT, Kharagpur

IIT, Roorke

BITS – Pilani

IIT, Banaras Hindu University,

IIT, Guwahati

Ericson, BT, Virgin Media, Vodafone, Airtel, BSNL, Huawei3.74 lakhs
Instrumentation & Control EngineeringIIT, Bombay

IIT, Delhi

IIT, Madras

IIT, Kharagpur

IIT, Kanpur

National instruments, ABB, L&T, Robert Bosch, ESSAR, Invenys, Suzlon3.95 lakhs
Chemical EngineeringIIT, Bombay

IIT, Delhi

IIT, Madras

IIT, Kharagpur

IIT, Kanpur

Essar Oil Ltd, Coromandel fertilizers, Reliance Industries Limited, Gujarat Gas Company Ltd, Indo Gulf Fertilizers4.77 lakhs

 

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