What is Biomedical Engineering ?
Biomedical Engineering is all about applying traditional engineering principles and design to solve problems in biology and medicine. Engineering has established its roots throughout health care right from diagnosis and analysis to treatment and has entered the public ethics through the propagation of implantable medical devices which include pacemakers and artificial hips, to more revolutionary technologies such as stem cell engineering and 3D printing of biological organs. As we are in a fast generation, it is important to pace and use the latest technologies to enhance medical facilities and the healthcare industry.
Engineering discipline itself is a groundbreaking field where the origin of ideas are delivering everything such as automobiles, aerospace, efficient patient care skyscrapers and sonar. Biomedical Engineering focuses on finding innovative solutions that help improve human health and health care at all levels.
Biomedical Engineers are a different game than other engineering fields that have an influence on human health. This is because biomedical engineers use and apply critical thinking and possess a deep knowledge of contemporary biological principles in their engineering design process. Biomedical engineers formulate problems and strive to improve human health by integrating all aspects of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, chemical engineering, materials science, chemistry, mathematics, and computer science and engineering with human biology, whether it is an advanced prosthetic limb or a breakthrough concept in identifying proteins within cells.
What do Biomedical Engineers do?
Biomedical designers cater to needs of industries such as hospitals and they are employed in research facilities of educational institutions and medical institutions. Biomedical engineers also have a significant role to play in teaching and in government regulatory agencies and they may also be involved in developing new procedures and the performance testing of new products. They play a vital role in supporting transplants helping millions around the globe to lead better lives. Clinical specialists strive to ensure that the medical equipment is safe for use in clinical settings. Biomedical engineering is relatively new yet broad field and has numerous open doors for specialization.
In the most recent couple of years, both Forbes and CNN Money have labeled biomedical engineering as the best profession out there and the potential outcomes of biomedical engineering are almost endless. Rapid advances in research and technology, equipment and know-how mean that tomorrow’s breakthroughs can be a game changer and can change the entire perception of the medical field.
The Biomedical engineering profession is solely driven by the interests of the individual. The engineering discipline has a massive scope that permits the Biomedical Engineers to explore their strengths in an area which interests them like biomaterials, neuromodulation devices, orthopedic repair or even stem cell engineering. Biomedical designers combine critical thinking, an aptitude for problem-solving and specialized know-how with focused study in medicine and healthcare. It is this hybridization that has prompted so much advancement and has been successful in helping others opening wider doors in biomedical engineering.
The basic eligibility criteria for a Bachelor Engineering is higher secondary or its equivalent examination in the science stream.
The course has a year’s duration and the candidates must appear for the entrance examination conducted by the respective institution.
List of Entrance Exams in Biomedical Engineering
- Bharath University Engineering Entrance Exam
- Biotech Consortium India Limited (BCIL) Common Entrance Test
- Engineering, Agriculture and Medical Common Entrance Test (EAMCET)
- Indian Institute of Technology – Joint Entrance Examination (IIT-JEE)
- Jadavpur University Biomedical Engineering Entrance Examination
- Sant Langowal Institute of Engineering and Technology Entrance Test (SLIET) (B.E/B.Tech)
- VIT Engineering Entrance Examination
- Aligarh Muslim University M.Tech in Biomedical Engineering Entrance Exam
- All India Post Graduate Medical Entrance Examination
- Banaras Hindu University M.Tech Entrance Exam
- Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering
- Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Entrance Exam (IIST)
- Jawaharlal Nehru Technology University Engineering Common Entrance Test for Diploma Holders (ECET FDH)
- Jawaharlal Nehru University Combined Entrance Examination
- Karnataka PGCET Exam for BioMedical Engineering & Medical Electronics
- Sant Langowal Institute of Engineering and Technology Entrance Test (SLIET) (M.Tech)
- SRM Engineering Entrance Examination (SRM EEE)
List of Institutions That Participate In These Examinations
- Aligarh Muslim University
- All India Institute of Medical Sciences
- Amravati University
- Anna University, Centre for Biotechnology
- Banaras Hindu University
- Banasthali Vidyapeeth
- Bharathiyar University
- Bio-Engineering Research Centre (BERC) – Navi Mumbai
- Birla Institute of Technology & Science
- Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology
- Cochin University of Science and Technology
- Consortium India Limited
- Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya
- Dr. Harisingh Gour University
- Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University
- Goa University
- Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and
- Guru Ghasidas University
- Guru Nanak Dev University
- Guwahati University
- Himachal Pradesh University
- IIT Delhi
- IIT Kharagpur
- Indian Institute of Information Technology – Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
- Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
- Indian Institute of Technology, IIT Powai
- Jadavpur University
- Jawaharlal Nehru Technical University
- Jawaharlal Nehru University
- Jiwaji University
- Kurukshetra University
- Lalit Narayan Mithila University
- Madurai – Kamraj University
- Mahatma Gandhi University
- Marathwada University
- National Institute of Immunology
- North Maharashtra University
- P S G College Of Technology – Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
- Patna University
- Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University
- Punjab University
- Punjabi University
- SRM University, Chennai
- Tamil Nadu GD Naidu Agricultural University
- Tezpur University
- The Maharaja Sayajirao University, Vadodara
- University College of Engineering – Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
- University of Calcutta
- University of Calicut
- University of Chennai
- University of Delhi
- University of Hyderabad
- University of Kerala
- University of Mysore
- University of Pune
- University of Roorkee
- VIT University – Vellore, Tamil Nadu
10 coaching institutes for competitive exam preparation:
- Vibrant Academy
- Bansal Classes
- FIITJEE, Delhi
- Allen Career Institute
- Vidya Mandir Classes
- Aakash Institute
- Super 30
What amount do Biomedical Engineers Earn?
The average starting salary of a Biomedical Engineer is between 3-6 Lakh Rupees per year generally. When it comes to the engineering branch, Biomedical Engineering has a good scope abroad right after the graduation is complete. The salary package in abroad will be much better in comparison to India.
Also, students must note that experience has a great influence on pay for this job and most people would move on to other jobs after earning an experience of more than 10 years in this field.
The Future of Biomedical Engineering
It has been observed that medical diagnostics triple in market value every year. Progressive advances in imaging technology and therapeutic diagnostics are changing the way pharmaceutical is practiced in providing more accurate treatments. New restorative devices emerging in the examination labs of biomedical specialists around the globe are enabling the doctors to treat ailments and injuries in a revolutionary manner enhancing the quality and length of human life. Healthcare, pharmaceutical, and healthcare equipment manufacturing sectors are emerging as the major recruiters for biomedical engineers.
After M.E./M.Tech., program, one may opt to become a lecturer in Government or Private Engineering and Technical Colleges. Taking up a Ph.D. course after Biomedical Engineering will open doors that lead towards a career worthwhile in the Research and Development sector associated with this discipline.
Below are some specialty areas in the field of biomedical engineering.
- Bio-instrumentation utilizes electronics, computer science and estimating standards to develop devices utilized as a part of the analysis and treatment of the disease.
- Biomaterials are the investigation of naturally occurring or laboratory designed materials that are utilized as a part of therapeutic devices or as implantation materials.
- Biomechanics comprise the study of mechanics, for example, thermodynamics, to take care of organic or medical issues.
- Clinical engineering applies medical technology to enhance and optimize healthcare delivery.
- Rehabilitation engineering is the use of engineering science and computer science to develop devices that help people with physical and cognitive impairments.
- Systems physiology utilizes engineering tools to see how systems inside living beings, from microorganisms to people, function and react to changes in their surroundings.
A few people with training in biomedical engineering opt to acquire teaching as a profession. Biomedical engineers held around 22,100 employments in 2014. The commercial ventures that utilized the most biomedical engineers were as per the following:
- The medicinal equipment and supplies manufacturing industry were held responsible for 23% employments.
- The Research and Development in the physical, engineering and life sciences industry had been held responsible for 16% employments.
- The Pharmaceutical and Medicine manufacturing industry was held responsible for 12% employments.
- The Navigational, Measuring, Electromedical, and Control Instruments manufacturing was responsible for 8% employments.
- Healing centers; state, local and private was responsible for 8 % employments.
Biomedical Engineers work in an assortment of settings which can range from hospitals and healing centers where therapy takes place and some prefer to work in laboratories taking care of the research part. Whereas others work in manufacturing scenarios where they design biomedical engineering products. Other biomedical engineers work in commercial workplaces where they make or support business decisions.
Biomedical architects work in groups with scientists and researchers, healthcare workers and other engineers. Where and how they function depends on the project. A biomedical engineer who has built up a new device intended to help a man with a handicap to walk again might need to invest hours in a hospital to figure out if the device acts as arranged. If the engineer figures out how to enhance the medical device, he or she might have to gather help from the manufacturer to help change the procedure further so as to achieve an improved design and drive successful outcomes.
Step by step instructions to Become a Biomedical Engineer
Get the training you require: Find schools for Biomedical Engineers close you!
Biomedical engineers normally require a bachelor’s degree in Biomedical Engineering or bioengineering from an authorized program keeping in order to pursue the occupation. On the other hand, they can get a bachelor’s degree in a different field of engineering and after that either pick up biological science electives or get a graduate degree in biomedical engineering.
Biomedical Engineer Education
Imminent Biomedical Engineering or Bioengineering students should opt for secondary schools science courses, such as chemistry, physics, and biology. They should likewise take math courses, including algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and calculus. Courses in drafting or mechanical drawing and in computer programming also can be an add-on to their biomedical engineering journey.
Bachelor’s degree programs in and biomedical engineering and bioengineering concentrate on engineering and natural sciences. These programs incorporate laboratory based courses, notwithstanding classroom-based courses, in subjects such as fluid and solid mechanics, computer programming, circuit design, and biomaterials. Other required courses list may incorporate biological sciences, for example, physiology.
Certified programs also include a generous training and preparation in engineering design. Numerous programs include co-ops or internships often with hospitals and medical and pharmaceutical manufacturing companies to provide students handy applications as an important component of their study. Biomedical engineering and Bioengineering programs are certified by ABET.
Important Qualities for Biomedical Engineers
- Analytical Thinking is a very crucial aspect and biomedical engineers must be able to analyze and relate to the needs of patients and customers and apply logic to solving problems in work areas.
- Effective communication while working with patients and teams is required as in they must be able to express themselves. Seeking others’ ideas and incorporate those ideas into the problem solving can be a good gesture and shall lead to more productivity.
- Biomedical Engineers require tremendous creativity to come up with innovative and integrative advances and develop new ideas in healthcare equipment and devices.
- Biomedical Engineers must be good at mathematics and should effectively use the principles of calculus. They emphasize on advanced topics in mathematics, as well as statistics for analysis, design and damage assessment in their work.
- Biomedical Engineers are great when it comes to problem-solving skills and typically deal with and solve problems in complex biological systems, using scientific methods and rules for the same.
The employment of biomedical engineers is anticipated to grow 23 percent from 2014 to 2024, much more rapidly than the average for all professions.
Biomedical Engineers are likely to witness more demand owing to the growing technology and its application to medical equipment and devices.
Three-dimensional printing and smartphone technology and are instances to demonstrate how technology is being applied to biomedical advances.
Biomedical Engineering can create a huge impact on the health and pharmaceutical industry. There is a wide scope of employment for them in various industries such as hospitals, medical institutions, medical equipment, manufacturing units, research and development, government agencies and pharmaceuticals.
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