The petrochemical industry in India started in the year 1960, and since then it has captured a significant growth in the Indian market. The demand for the energy has risen drastically as the growth and development have taken momentum after independence. Various new methods have been invented to utilise the crude resources in the best possible way.
The Petrochemical Engineering techniques have built up so much with the research and innovation that the requirement for well skilled Petrochemical Engineers has arisen in the present times. Recently, Petroleum Minister, Shri Dharmendra Pradhan has announced his plan to augment the refining capacity to 600 million tonnes from the current 230 million tonnes. This measure can reduce the massive import bill of the crude oil indebted over India. He stressed over the lack of proper research, innovation and development in the field of Petroleum and Petrochemical Engineering.
Petrochemical Engineering Course:
The four-year undergraduate programme in Petrochemical Engineering is structured in such a way that makes the students competent enough to meet the present and future industrial requirements in the Petrochemical sector. The Petrochemical Engineering syllabus involves hardcore chemical engineering subjects along with the specialised topics of Petrochemical Engineering and Refinery Operations. Some of the core subjects of Petrochemical Engineering are-
- Process Modelling and Simulation
- Fine Chemical Industry
- Green Chemistry
- Environmental Engineering
- Heat Transfer
- Fluid Dynamics
- Reaction Engineering
- Mass Transfer
Who comes to rescue?
In a situation where we need well-skilled engineers and enhanced research & innovative techniques in the field of Petrochemical Engineering, some institutions like Maharashtra Institute of Technology (MIT) Pune comes to rescue from this persisting problem. MIT Pune is the only institute under the University of Pune that offers a B.E degree in Petrochemical Engineering.
Realizing the importance of the unique approach that the students need to adapt to take the responsibility in the Oil and Gas sector and the Fine Chemical Industry like Agrochemicals, Paints, Dyes, Ceramics, Food & Biotechnology, Pharmaceuticals, Polymers, Pigments, Textile and Paper & Pulp related activities, the assessment and submission works are given to students which are designed in such a ways so as to develop problem-solving skills in students and to help them in the learning process. The assessment work includes coursework, journals, viva-voice and practical.
Career Opportunities After Graduation:
Many seminars, workshops, industrial visits, lecture series and group discussions are conducted by MIT Pune to familiarise the students with the industrial requirements. Thereafter, the companies like Reliance, Essar, GAIL, Thermax, Honeywell, Praj, TOYO, etc. offers an opportunity to work with them in the field of Petrochemical Engineering. Also, Petrotech Society of India has newly established a student chapter that is expected to build strong ties with the refining sector in India that will in return help to improve the placements in the Petrochemical industry.
MIT Pune also puts in efforts to involve innovative practices in the curriculum itself by enabling the students to make maximum utilisation of simulation and design software through laboratory assignments. Petrochemical Engineering is getting better in the innovation practices day by day, which is evident from the latest development of benzene curbing technology in the gasoline pool to address the environmental concerns by the Reliance Industries. The students who are interested in research work have an ample scope apart from the regular job to go in the research field about the Petrochemical sector.