About Civil Engineering
“Nothing can be of great worth or holy which is the work of builders and mechanics.” ~Zeno, Stoic Philosopher
Civil engineers design & supervise infrastructure like roads, highways, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, pipelines & sewage systems. Several factors that civil engineers must consider in their designs include costs, maintenance, durability (in harsh climate). They use computer technologies and advanced materials to design structures that meet the future needs of a growing population. Therefore, their work is carried out according to proper specifications and safety standards.
Civil Engineering Career Path
|Diploma (Civil Engineering)|
|Eligibility||High School/Intermediate/ITI, Some colleges have a criteria of specific minimum marks|
|Entrance Exam||Polytechnic Diploma Entrance Exam (e.g. Delhi CET, TS POLYCET), Diploma Entrance Test (DET)|
|Average Course Fee||₹60,000 to ₹2,50,000|
|Goal||Junior Civil Engineer, Civil Supervisor, Lateral Entry in B.Tech|
|B.E./B.Tech (Civil Engineering)|
|Eligibility||10+2 with PCM (Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics), Class XII candidates whose result is awaited can also apply, Some colleges have a criteria of specific minimum marks|
|Entrance Exam||JEE (Joint Entrance Exam) Main, JEE (Joint Entrance Exam) Advanced, UPSEE (Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Examination), BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Aptitude Test), COMEDK (Consortium of Medical, Engineering and Dental Colleges of Karnataka) Undergraduate Entrance Test, Delhi University Combined Entrance Examination, Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE), SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam (SRMJEEE), CUSAT (Cochin University of Science and Technology) Common Admission Test, KIITEE (Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology Entrance Examination), WBJEE (West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination), MHTCET (Maharashtra Common Entrance Test) Some institutions conduct their own entrance test|
|Average Course Fee||₹4,00,000 to ₹12,00,000|
|Goal||Junior Site/Civil Engineer, Civil Engineer, Civil Supervisor, Teacher/Lecturer, Government Jobs, Higher Studies|
|M.E./M.Tech (Civil Engineering)|
|Eligibility||B.E./B.Tech (Civil Engineering) with 55% to 60% marks, B.E./B.Tech (Agricultural/Mechanical/Aerospace/Mining Engineering), M.Sc.(Environmental Science/Earth Science/Geography/Mathematics/Physics)|
|Entrance Exam||GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering), Indian School of Mines (ISM) Entrance Exam, TANCET (Tamil Nadu Common Entrance Test), BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Aptitude Test), VIT University Master’s Entrance Examination (VITMEE) Some universities conduct their own entrance test|
|Specialization||Building Technology and Construction Management , Environmental Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Geoinformatics, Hydraulic and Water Resources Engineering, Structural Engineering, Transportation Engineering, Coastal Management, Rock Engineering and Underground Structures|
|Average Course Fee||₹50,000 to ₹6,00,000|
|Goal||Civil Engineer, Structural Engineer, Geotechnical Engineer, Researcher, Teacher, Project Manager|
Colleges for Civil Engineering
- Acharya Polytechnic, Bengaluru
- Amity University, Noida
- Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS), Pilani
- Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi
- College of Engineering, Anna University, Chennai
- College of Engineering, Pune
- College of Engineering, Trivandrum
- Delhi Technological University, New Delhi
- Government Polytechnic, Malvan, Maharashtra
- Government Polytechnic, Pune
- Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad
- Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
- Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai
- Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati
- Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad
- Indian Institute of Technology, Varanasi
- Institute of Road & Transport Technology, Erode, Tamilnadu
- Integral University, Lucknow
- Jadavpur University, Kolkata
- Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi
- Kalinga Polytechnic (KIIT Polytechnic), Bhubaneswar
- Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur
- Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal
- Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad
- National Institute of Engineering, Mysore
- National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE), Mumbai
- National Institute of Technology (NIT), Surathkal
- National Institute of Technology (NIT), Tiruchirappalli
- National Institute of Technology (NIT), Warangal
- National Institute of Technology, Rourkela
- PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore
- R.V. College of Engineering, Bangalore
- Sardar Patel College of Engineering, Mumbai
- Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI), Mumbai
- Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore
- Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur
Top Colleges for Civil Engineering
Scholarship / Fellowship in Civil Engineering
- IIT Bombay offers Merit-cum-Means Scholarship and Research Fellowships for college students.
- IIT Bombay Heritage Fund Scholarships by IIT Bombay alumni in USA.
- Institute specific scholarships are awarded by IIT Delhi, Guwahati, Madras, Roorkee, Kanpur & Kharagpur.
- NCERT offers scholarships to engineering students through National Talent Search Examination (NTSE).
- Inspire Scholarship (Department of Science and Technology, Government of India) for dual degree (B.Tech & M.Tech).
- Aditya Birla Scholarship for engineering students in IITs and BITS Pilani.
- BITS Pilani awards different scholarships to bright students fulfilling the criteria
- Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India – Central Sector Scholarship for ST students.
- Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India, Central Sector Scholarship for SC students.
- National Scholarship (All States) - The applications for the same are forwarded through IIT.
- Central Sector Scholarship Scheme for engineering students in Indian Universities.
- FAEA BHEL Scholarship for engineering students who are socially and economically weak.
- OP Jindal Engineering and Management Scholarship (OPJEMS).
- IET India Scholarship for 2nd and 3rd year engineering students.
- Google Anita Borg Scholarship for students pursuing studies in the field of Science (only for women.)
- GE Foundation Scholarship for 2nd year engineering students of the selected colleges MIT Manipal, VIT University, IIT Gandhinagar, BITS Pilani and Tezpur University, Assam.
- Ministry of Minority Affairs, Govt. of India offers Merit cum Means Scholarship (MOMA Scholarship) to the engineering students belonging to the minority community and who are not financially strong.
- Indian Oil awards IOCL Scholarship to the 1st year engineering students.
Civil Engineering Key Skills
Civil Engineering Career Prospects
- Site Engineer
- Civil Engineer
- Project Manager
- Assistant Project Manager
- Assistant Civil Engineer
- Purchase and Quality Control Executive
- Planning and Design Officer
- Teacher / Lecturer
- Structural Engineer
- Construction Engineer
- Hydraulic Engineer
- Transportation Engineer
- Geotechnical Engineer
- Environmental engineer
- Civil Supervisor
- Land Surveyor
Jobs in Civil Engineering
- Construction Sites
- Manufacturing Plants
- Armed Forces
- Indian Railways
- Central and State Government Agencies
- Educational Institutions
- Research Agencies
- Engineering Consultancies
- Town Planning Department
- Public Sector Units (PSUs)
- IES (Indian Engineering Services)
Salary in Civil Engineering
Like in any other field the remuneration in this field depends on qualification, experience and area in which one works. One could get an initial pay of ₹20,000 to ₹50,000 per month.
Civil Engineering Role Models
Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was an Indian engineer, scholar, statesman and Diwan of Mysore from 1912 to 1918. He received India's highest honour, the Bharat Ratna, in 1955. He was knighted as a Knight Commander of the British Indian Empire (KCIE) by King George V for his contributions to the public good. 15 September is celebrated as Engineer's Day in India in his memory. Titled as “Father of Indian Civil Engineering”
Roma Agarwal is a chartered structural engineer based in London. She has worked on several major engineering projects, including the Shard. Agrawal is also an active diversity campaigner, championing women in engineering. She joined WSP on a graduate program, becoming a chartered engineer with the Institution of Structural Engineers in 2011. She spent six years working on the tallest building in Western Europe, the Shard, designing the foundations and the iconic spire
E. Sreedharan is an Indian civil engineer and a retired Indian Engineering Service (IES) officer popularly known as the "Metro Man". He is credited for changing the face of public transport in India with his leadership in building the Konkan Railway and the Delhi Metro while he served as the managing director of Delhi Metro between 1995 and 2012. He was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India in 2001
Chewang Norphel is an Indian civil engineer from Ladakh, who has built 15 artificial glaciers. He has earned the nickname Ice Man. Norphel went to Amar Singh College in Srinagar as a student of science. He completed a diploma course in civil engineering from Lucknow in 1960. In June 1960, he joined the rural development department of Jammu and Kashmir in Ladakh as a civil engineer.
Anoop Kumar Mittal
Anoop Kumar Mittal is a Civil Engineer by profession and is the Chairman-cum-Managing Director of National Buildings Construction Corporation Limited. Mittal began his career in 1982 and was associated with developmental works of the prestigious Asiad 1982. After a short stint, he joined M/s Shapoorji Pallonji & Co. Ltd, a civil engineering organization in the construction sector.