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Electrical Engineering - scope, careers, colleges, skills, jobs, salary

Everything you need to know about making a career in the Electrical Engineering. Electrical Engineering careers, scope, colleges, skills required, job prospects and salary. Discover the complete information of Electrical Engineering here.

About Electrical Engineering

Electrical Engineering - scope, careers, colleges, skills, jobs, salary


“If you want to find the secrets of the universe, think in terms of energy, frequency and vibration.” ~Nikola Tesla

Electrical engineers specialize in power supply i.e. generation, transmission and distribution of electricity. They design, develop, test and supervise electrical equipment manufacturing. They have also been trained to handle responsibilities like wiring and lighting installations in buildings, automobiles and aircrafts. Study of computers, electrical, electronics and communication makes it an interesting subject to study.

Electrical engineers work on anything from small pocket devices to large aircraft electrical systems. Many kinds of electronic equipment from portable music players to GPS devices pass through an electronic engineer’s hands. They come up with means to use electrical power to operate a certain product or improve its functions.

Electrical Engineering Career Path

Diploma in Electrical Engineering (DEE)
Duration3 years
EligibilityAfter 10th
Entrance ExamDET, Some Polytechnic Colleges have their own Entrance Exam Criteria as well
Average Course Fee₹60,000 to ₹2,50,000
GoalJunior Electrical/Electronics Engineer, Electrical Product Design Engineer, Lateral Entry in B.Tech
B.E./B.Tech (Electrical Engineering/Electrical and Electronics Engineering)
Duration4 years
Eligibility10+2 with PCM (Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics), Class XII candidates whose result is awaited can also apply, Some colleges have a criteria of specific minimum marks
Entrance ExamJEE (Joint Entrance Exam) Main, JEE (Joint Entrance Exam) Advanced, UPSEE (Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Examination), BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Aptitude Test), COMEDK (Consortium of Medical, Engineering and Dental Colleges of Karnataka) Undergraduate Entrance Test, Delhi University Combined Entrance Examination, Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE), SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam (SRMJEEE), CUSAT (Cochin University of Science and Technology) Common Admission Test, KIITEE (Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology Entrance Examination), WBJEE (West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination), MHTCET (Maharashtra Common Entrance Test) Apart from the above exams, some institutions conduct their own entrance test
Average Course Fee₹4,00,000 to ₹10,00,000
GoalElectrical Engineer, Electrical Design Engineer, Electronics Engineer, Job in Government Electrical Department, Higher Studies
M.E./M.Tech (Electrical Engineering/Electrical and Electronics Engineering)
Duration2 years
EligibilityB.E./B.Tech (Electrical/Electrical and Electronics Engineering) with 55% to 60% marks
Entrance ExamGATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering), Indian School of Mines (ISM) Entrance Exam, TANCET (Tamil Nadu Common Entrance Test), BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Aptitude Test), VIT University Master’s Entrance Examination (VITMEE) Apart from the above exams, some institutions conduct their own entrance test
SpecializationCommunication Systems/Communication Engineering, Power Systems and Power Electronics, Micro Electronics and VLSI Design, Control and Instrumentation, Photonics, Digital Electronics, High Voltage Engineering
Average Course Fee₹50,000 to ₹6,00,000
GoalElectrical Engineer, Electronics Engineer, Project Manager, Electrical Inspector, Teacher/Lecturer, Researcher/Research Assistant

Colleges for Electrical Engineering

  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS), Pilani
  • Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi
  • Bongaigaon Polytechnic, Bongaigaon
  • College of Engineering, Anna University, Chennai
  • College of Engineering, Pune
  • Delhi Technological University, New Delhi
  • Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar
  • Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology (IIEST), Shibpur
  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru
  • Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines), Dhanbad
  • Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
  • Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Varanasi
  • Integral University, Lucknow
  • Jadavpur University, Kolkata
  • Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal
  • Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT), Surathkal
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT), Tiruchirappalli
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT), Warangal
  • National Institute of Technology, Rourkela
  • Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology University, Patiala
  • Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore
  • Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur

Top Colleges for Electrical Engineering

Scholarship / Fellowship in Electrical Engineering

  • IIT Bombay offers Merit-cum-Means Scholarship and Research Fellowships for college students.
  • IIT Bombay Heritage Fund Scholarships by IIT Bombay alumni in USA.
  • Institute specific scholarships are awarded by IIT Delhi, Guwahati, Madras, Roorkee, Kanpur & Kharagpur.
  • NCERT offers scholarships to engineering students through National Talent Search Examination (NTSE).
  • Inspire Scholarship (Department of Science and Technology, Government of India) for dual degree (B.Tech & M.Tech).
  • Aditya Birla Scholarship for engineering students in IITs and BITS Pilani.
  • BITS Pilani awards different scholarships to bright students fulfilling the criteria
  • Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India – Central Sector Scholarship for ST students.
  • Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India, Central Sector Scholarship for SC students.
  • SEMCI INDIA conducts the Nationwide Education and Scholarship Test (NEST) for engineering students.
  • Central Sector Scholarship Scheme for students having family income of less than Rs.6 lakhs per annum and wish to pursue higher education in Indian universities / colleges.
  • Siemens Scholarship for 1st year engineering students in IITs and NITs.
  • FAEA BHEL Scholarship for engineering students who are socially and economically weak.
  • OP Jindal Engineering and Management Scholarship (OPJEMS).
  • IET India Scholarship for 2nd and 3rd year engineering students.
  • Google Anita Borg Scholarship for students pursuing studies in the field of Science (only for women.)
  • GE Foundation Scholarship for 2nd year engineering students of the selected colleges MIT Manipal, VIT University, IIT Gandhinagar, BITS Pilani and Tezpur University, Assam.
  • Ministry of Minority Affairs, Govt. of India offers Merit cum Means Scholarship (MOMA Scholarship) to the engineering students belonging to the minority community who are not financially strong.
  • Indian Oil awards IOCL Scholarship to the 1st year engineering students.
  • ONGC (Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited) and NTPC (National Thermal Power Corporation Limited) Scholarship for SC / ST / PH engineering students.

Electrical Engineering Key Skills

Ability to abide by ethics


Being driven by curiosity

Detail Oriented

Enjoys challenges


Focus and hard work

Innovative Skills

Logical thinking

Mathematical Aptitude

Organization & Time Management

Organizational & time management skills

Passion for learning

Physical and mental strength

Planning Skills

Project Management

Scientific Aptitude

Sense of responsibility

Team work

Electrical Engineering Career Prospects

  • Electrical Engineer
  • Electronics Engineer
  • Project Manager
  • Transmission Line Engineer
  • Quality Control Electrical Engineer
  • Electrical Inspector
  • Electrical Supervisor
  • Teacher / Lecturer
  • Researcher / Research Assistant
  • Consultant
  • Electrical Contractor
  • Control and Instrumentation Engineer
  • RF Engineer
  • Broadcast Engineer
  • Aerospace Engineer
  • Development and Test Engineer
  • Electrical Product Design Engineer
  • Maintenance Engineer
  • Communication Engineer

Jobs in Electrical Engineering

  • Power Plants
  • Power House / Power Stations
  • Renewable Energy / Power Generation Sector
  • Laboratories
  • Electricity Boards
  • Civil Aviation
  • Indian Railways and Armed Forces
  • Airport Authority of India
  • Government Sector / Public Sector Units (PSUs)
  • Utility Companies
  • Electrical Design and Consultancy Firms
  • Research and Development
  • Educational Institutions
  • Manufacturing Industries
  • Mines
  • Telecommunications / Wireless Communication
  • Electricity Transmission and Distribution Organizations
  • Aerospace, Automotive, Electronics and IT Industries
  • Robotics
  • Petrochemical Sectors
  • Architectural and Construction Firms
  • Consumers’ Electronics

Salary in Electrical Engineering

Like in any other field the remuneration in this field depends on qualification, experience and area in which one works. One could get an initial pay of ₹16,000 to ₹58,000 per month.

Electrical Engineering Role Models


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