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Geography - scope, careers, colleges, skills, jobs, salary

Everything you need to know about making a career in the Geography. Geography careers, scope, colleges, skills required, job prospects and salary. Discover the complete information of Geography here.

About Geography


“I like geography best, he said, because your mountains & rivers know the secret. Pay no attention to boundaries”. ~Brian Andreas

“GIS is waking up the world to the power of geography, this science of integration, and has the framework for creating a better future.” ~Jack Dangermond

“I like geography. I like to know where places are.” ~Tom Felton

Geography a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth. Geography is an all-encompassing discipline that seeks an understanding of the Earth and its human and natural complexities—not merely where objects are, but how they have changed and come to be.

Geography is often defined in terms of the two branches of human geography and physical geography. Human geography deals with the study of people and their communities, cultures, economies and interactions with the environment by studying their relations with and across space and place. Physical geography deals with the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment like the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere.

Geographers typically do the following:

  • Gather geographic data through field observations, maps, photographs, satellite imagery, and censuses.
  • Use quantitative methods, such as statistical analysis, in their research.
  • Use qualitative methods, such as surveys, interviews, and focus groups, in their research.
  • Create and modify maps, graphs, diagrams, or other visual representations of geographic data.
  • Analyze the geographic distribution of physical and cultural characteristics and occurrences.
  • Use geographic information systems (GIS) to collect, analyze, and display geographic data.
  • Write reports and present research findings.
  • Assist, advise, or lead others in using GIS and geographic data.

Geography Career Path

B.A. in Geography
Duration3 years
Eligibility10+2 or Equivalent qualification in the Arts/Social Science stream
Entrance Exam--
Average Course Fee₹4,500 to ₹1,50,000
GoalUrban and Regional Planners, Remote Sensing Specialists etc.
B.A. (Hons.) Geography
Duration3 years
Eligibility10+2 or Equivalent qualification in the Arts/Social Science (Geography) stream
Entrance ExamBA (Hons) Entrance Examination of Delhi University
Average Course Fee--
GoalSubject Matter Expert, Unit Sales Manager etc.
M.A. in Geography
Duration2 years
EligibilityGraduation with Honors in Geography or Geography
Entrance ExamJNU M.A (Geography) Entrance Exam
SpecializationEnvironmental Science, Earth Science, Human Geography etc.
Average Course Fee ₹3,000 to ₹1,00,000
GoalGeographer, Cartographer, Demographer etc.

Colleges for Geography

  • Abbas Khan College for Women
  • Abdul Aziz Ansari Degree College
  • Abeda Inamdar Senior College
  • Abhay Pratap Singh Degree College
  • Acharya Vinoba Bhave PG College
  • Achhruram Memorial College
  • Adarsh Mahavidyalaya, Maharashtra
  • Andhra University, Visakhapatnam
  • Bajali College
  • Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi
  • Banasthali Vidyapith
  • Bansur P.G. College
  • Bastar Vishwavidyalaya
  • Chaudhary Bansi Lal University
  • CMJ University, Shillong
  • DAV College, Kanpur
  • Loyola College, Chennai
  • Presidency University, Kolkata
  • St. Xavier's College, Ranchi
  • University of Allahabad, Allahabad

Top Colleges for Geography

Geography Key Skills

Ability to read/analyze & construct maps

Awareness of causes & implications

Geographical techniques

Knowledge of human activities/landscapes

Understanding between society & environment

Understanding of different cultures & perspectives

Geography Career Prospects

  • Geographer
  • Map Consultant
  • Subject Matter Expert
  • Unit Sales Manager
  • Demographer
  • GIS & Remote Sensing Specialist
  • Urban and Regional Planner
  • Cartographer

Jobs in Geography

  • Oil Drilling Company
  • GIS (Geographic information system)
  • Gas Exploration Company
  • Solid Waste Disposal
  • Residential Surveying Agency
  • Gas Exploration Company
  • Government Research Institute

Salary in Geography

In the field of geography, a qualified person can expect a starting salary somewhere around ₹9,000 to ₹15,000 per month. After a couple of months or years, it may vary as per the gained skills and experience.

Geography Role Models


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