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Geological Engineering - scope, careers, colleges, skills, jobs, salary

Everything you need to know about making a career in the Geological Engineering. Geological Engineering careers, scope, colleges, skills required, job prospects and salary. Discover the complete information of Geological Engineering here.

About Geological Engineering


“The geologist takes up the history of the earth at the point where the archaeologist leaves it, and carries it further back into remote antiquity.” ~Bal Gangadhar Tilak 

Geological engineers integrate two disciplines: geology and engineering. Geologists study the Earth, its composition, structure, history, past plant and animal life. Engineers apply scientific knowledge and experience to design and analyze systems for the benefit of mankind. Geological engineering involves designing structures and solving problems related to earth and its resources.

Geological engineering involves geology, civil engineering, and fields such as mining, forestry and geography. These engineers apply earth sciences to human problems. Geological engineers investigate things that are part of or are made to be part of the earth, including roads, mines and quarries, dams, petroleum production, railways, building projects, pipelines, and forestry operations. Different branches of geology are structural geology, geological engineering, mineralogy, planetology, geomorphology etc.

Geological Engineering Career Path

B.Sc./B.Sc. (Hons.)/B.Tech/B.E. (Geology/Earth Science/Geo-Science Engineering/Geo-Informatics Engineering/Geoinformatics)
Duration3 years (for B.Sc./B.Sc. Hons.), 4 years (for B.Tech)
Eligibility10+2 with PCM (Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics), The minimum marks required will depend on the college, Class XII candidates with result awaited can also apply
Entrance ExamJEE (Joint Entrance Exam) Main, JEE Advanced, UPESEAT (University of Petroleum & Energy Engineering Aptitude Test), UPSEE (Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Examination), COMEDK (Consortium of Medical, Engineering and Dental Colleges of Karnataka) Undergraduate Entrance Test, WBJEE (West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination), MHTCET (Maharashtra Health and Technical Common Entrance Test), SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam (SRMJEEE) Apart from the above exams, some institutions conduct their own entrance tests
Average Course FeeINR 2,00,000 to INR 13,00,000
GoalGeological Engineer, Geologist
M.Tech/M.Sc./M.Sc. Tech./M.E. (Geology/Engineering Geology/Applied Geology/Marine Geology/Applied Geophysics/Geophysics/Marine Geophysics/Civil Engineering with Specialization in Geotechnical Engineering or Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering/ Remote Sensing/Earth Sciences/Geological Technology/Petroleum Geology/ Geoinformatics/Environmental Sciences)
Duration2 years (for M.Tech & M.Sc.), 3 years (for M.Sc. Tech.)
EligibilityB.Sc./B.Tech/B.E. (Geology/Applied Geology/Geo-Science/Geo-Informatics/Earth Science/Civil Engineering/Environmental Engineering/Mining Engineering or equivalent) with 55% to 60% marks, M.Sc. (Geology/Applied Geology/Earth Science) can also apply
Entrance ExamGATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering), JAM (Joint Admission Test) for M.Sc., Indian School of Mines (ISM) Dhanbad Entrance Exam, Delhi University Combined Entrance Examination, CUSAT (Cochin University of Science and Technology) Common Admission Test, TANCET (Tamil Nadu Common Entrance Test) Apart from the above exam, some institutions conduct their own entrance test
Average Course FeeINR 50,000 to INR 6,00,000
GoalGeological Engineer, Geologist, Research Scientist, Lecturer

Colleges for Geological Engineering

  • Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
  • Anna University, Chennai
  • Aqua Foundation Academy, Delhi
  • Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi
  • Central University of Karnataka, Kalaburagi
  • Cochin University of Science and Technology, Cochin
  • Delhi University (DU), New Delhi
  • Fergusson College, Pune
  • Geological Survey of India Training Institute, Hyderabad
  • Gulbarga University, Kalaburagi, Karnataka
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, ISRO, Dehradun
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Bhubaneswar
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Roorkee
  • Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines), Dhanbad
  • Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi
  • Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak
  • Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam
  • National Institute of Technology, Raipur
  • Panjab University, Chandigarh
  • Patna University, Patna
  • Presidency College, Chennai
  • Presidency University, Kolkata
  • Shivaji University
  • SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Tamil Nadu
  • St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai
  • University of Calcutta, Kolkata
  • University of Madras, Chennai
  • University of Mysore
  • University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun
  • Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Dehradun

Top Colleges for Geological Engineering

Scholarship / Fellowship in Geological Engineering

  • Institute specific scholarships are awarded by IIST, IIT– Kharagpur, Bombay, Roorkee & Bhubaneswar.
  • Aditya Birla Scholarship for engineering students in IITs
  • Indian Space Research Organisation Fellowships
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) Fellowships
  • NCERT offers scholarships to engineering students through National Talent Search Examination (NTSE).
  • All India Scholarship Entrance Examination (AISEE)
  • Promotion of Science Education (POSE) Scholarship
  • SEMCI INDIA conducts the Nationwide Education and Scholarship Test (NEST) for engineering students.
  • Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) Scholarships
  • FAEA BHEL Scholarship for engineering students who are socially and economically weak.
  • IET India Scholarship for 2nd and 3rd year engineering students
  • Google Anita Borg Scholarship for students pursuing studies in the field of Science (only for women.)
  • Ministry of Human Resource Development offers external scholarships in the engineering field.
  • Ministry of Minority Affairs, Govt. of India offers Merit cum Means Scholarship (MOMA Scholarship) to the engineering students belonging to the minority community who are not financially strong.
  • Indian Oil awards IOCL Scholarship to the 1st year engineering students.
  • ONGC (Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited) and NTPC (National Thermal Power Corporation Limited) Scholarship for SC / ST / PH engineering students.
  • Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India – Central Sector Scholarship for ST students.
  • Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India, Central Sector Scholarship for SC students.

Geological Engineering Key Skills

Being driven by curiosity

Communication Skills

Detail Oriented

Dexterous & Alert


Focus and hard work

Innovative Skills

Managerial skills

Mathematical Aptitude

Numeracy skills

Scientific Aptitude

Team work

Technical Skills

Visualization Skills

Geological Engineering Career Prospects

  • Geological Engineer
  • Geotechnical Engineer / Geo-Environmental Engineer / Geo- Science Engineer
  • Geologist / Hydrogeologist / Meteorologist
  • Building Inspector
  • Research Scientist
  • Professor / Lecturer
  • Scientific Officer
  • Geological Advisor / Consultant
  • Geographer / Oceanographer / Geophysicist / Seismologist / Volcanologist

Jobs in Geological Engineering

  • Government Departments like Geological Survey of India (GSI), Central Ground Water Board (CGWB), ONGC, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Defense Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
  • Environmental Firms
  • Construction Industries / Civil Engineering
  • Mining / Petroleum Industry
  • Mineral Investigation / Oil Exploration / Resource Management
  • Hydrogeological Surveys / Hydro-operations / Organizations involved with groundwater projects
  • Defense and Para-military Forces
  • Remote Sensing
  • Research and Development Organizations
  • Universities / Colleges
  • Forestry

Salary in Geological Engineering

Like in any other field the remuneration in this field depends on qualification, experience and area in which one works. One could get an initial pay of ₹15,000 to ₹45,000 per month.

Geological Engineering Role Models


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