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Political Science - scope, careers, colleges, skills, jobs, salary

Everything you need to know about making a career in the Political Science. Political Science careers, scope, colleges, skills required, job prospects and salary. Discover the complete information of Political Science here.

About Political Science


“Politics is the art of the possible, the attainable — the art of the next best” ~Otto von Bismarck

“The method of political science is the interpretation of life; its instrument is insight, a nice understanding of subtle, unformulated conditions.” ~Woodrow Wilson

Political Science, also called government, is a social science which deals with systems of governance, the analysis of political activities, political thoughts and political behavior. It deals extensively with the theory and practice of politics which is commonly thought of as determining the distribution of power and resources. Political scientists “see themselves engaged in revealing the relationships underlying political events and conditions, and from these revelations they attempt to construct general principles about the way the world of politics works.”

Political Science comprises numerous subfields, including comparative politics, political economy, international relations, political theory, public administration, public policy, and political methodology. Furthermore, political science is related to, and draws upon, the fields of economics, law, sociology, history, philosophy, geography, psychology, and anthropology.

Political Science is methodologically diverse and appropriates many methods originating in social research. Approaches include positivism, interpretivism, rational choice theory, behaviorism, structuralism, post-structuralism, realism, institutionalism, and pluralism. Political science, as one of the social sciences, uses methods and techniques that relate to the kinds of inquiries sought: primary sources such as historical documents and official records, secondary sources such as scholarly journal articles, survey research, statistical analysis, case studies, experimental research, and model building.

Political Science Career Path

B.A. in Political Science
Duration3 years
Eligibility10+2 (any discipline)
Entrance ExamSome institutions give admissions based on merit/University-level entrance exams, other institutions conduct their own entrance test.
Average Course Fee₹9,000 to ₹70,000
GoalCampaign Organizer, Public Policy Analyst etc.
BA (Hons.) in Political Science
Duration3 years
Eligibility10+2 (any discipline)
Entrance ExamMost of the institutions/colleges conduct their own entrance tests. One of them is Jamia Milia Islamia Entrance Exam Some colleges take direct admissions on merit basis.
Average Course Fee₹14,000 to ₹4,50,000
GoalFundraising Manager, Budget Analyst etc.
M.A. in Political Science
Duration2 years
EligibilityGraduation (Political Science/any discipline)
Entrance ExamSome institutions give admissions based on merit/University-level entrance exams, other institutions conduct their own entrance tests.
Average Course Fee₹15,000 to ₹1,00,000
GoalPolitical Commentator, Politician etc.

Colleges for Political Science

  • Acharya Nagarjuna University Centre for Distance Education
  • Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
  • Amity University, Noida
  • Andhra University, Visakhapatnam
  • Assam University, Silchar
  • Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi
  • Banasthali Vidyapith
  • Christ University, Bengaluru
  • Delhi University (DU), New Delhi
  • Fergusson College, Pune
  • Galgotias University, Greater Noida
  • Gauhati University, Guwahati, Assam
  • GD Goenka University, Gurgaon
  • Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi
  • Kamla Nehru College for Women, Phagwara
  • Karnataka State Open University, Mysore
  • Lady Brabourne College
  • Lady Shri Ram College for Women, Delhi
  • Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar
  • Miranda House College
  • Motilal Nehru College
  • PDM University, Bahadurgarh
  • Presidency College, Chennai
  • Presidency University, Kolkata
  • Ramjas College, Delhi
  • Satyawati College
  • Shri HK Arts College
  • Shyama Prasad Mukherji College for Women
  • Sri Aurobindo College
  • St. Joseph's College, Bengaluru
  • St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai
  • University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
  • University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram
  • University of Lucknow

Top Colleges for Political Science

Political Science Key Skills


Interpret issues and data; understand components of complex problems; offer relevant perspectives; and synthesize themes from complex issues.


Present ideas and data clearly; mediate and negotiate conflicts; public speaking; and listen critically.

Displaying Empathy

Most campaigns, even the ones running mainly in the media, do require meeting some voters in person. Bill Clinton was famous for feeling people’s pain.

Get your cues right

Socially astute managers are well-versed in social interaction. In social settings, they accurately assess their own behavior as well as that of others. Their strong powers of discernment and high self-awareness contribute to their political effectiveness.

Manage ups and downs

Leaders need to skillfully manage up by communicating with their bosses and keeping higher-ups informed.

Planning & development

Make projections; organize people/equipment/ideas; think logically; conceptualize and implement projects; and make decisions.

Public speaking ability

Regardless of what you believe, one must be able to convey those beliefs effectively.

Research & quantitative methods

Interpret data; develop research designs and models; understand program and systems analysis; utilize survey research methods; and compare/contrast ideas and information.

Political Science Career Prospects

  • Political Campaign Manager
  • Political Consultant
  • Public Relations Specialist
  • Investigative Journalism
  • Political Commentator
  • Public Policy Analyst
  • Financial / Economic Analyst
  • Social Policy Program Officer
  • Immigration and Revenue Officer
  • Legislative Analyst
  • Political Aide
  • Politician
  • Diplomat
  • Fundraising Manager
  • Customs Officer
  • Public Opinion Analyst
  • State Legislator
  • Campaign Organizer
  • Budget Analyst
  • Career politician (If you manage to gather enough support for your ideas you can run for a place in Parliament. But you'll first have to prove yourself and convince others you deserve their vote)
  • Lobbyist (Meet members of Parliament and have discussions about introducing legislation and encourage them to vote in a way that will benefit their clients)
  • Economic Development Officer
  • Journalist

Jobs in Political Science

  • Government agencies
  • Politics
  • Social Service
  • Law firms
  • Consulting firms
  • Private firms
  • Newspapers / Media
  • Education Sector
  • International agencies
  • Embassies
  • Lobbying firms
  • Universities and colleges
  • Research organizations

Salary in Political Science

Prime Minister- ₹165,000 per month (includes salary received as a Member of Parliament in Lok Sabha)

Governor of States- ₹110,000 per month

Member of Parliament (MP)- ₹50,000 per month and there is an ongoing talk of salary hike for MP's from ₹50,000 to ₹1,00,000

Political Science Role Models


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