“A sculpture is just a painting cut out and stood up somewhere.” ~Frank Stella
Sculpture is an art of creating objects featuring a person, thing or an idea using materials like terracotta, stone, clay, wood, metal etc. The primitive art has been updated with new forms and has a course of evolution. A sculptor has expertise in carving the man-made or natural objects into art pieces. Sculpture has its roots in folk arts, religion, traditions and culture.
It is the visual expression of three dimensions in a solid form. It is different from painting due to the three-dimensional feature involved in it and thus calls for intensive training. When creating a sculpture different methods like modeling, molding, casting, carving, etc. are used.
Sculpture Career Path
|BFA (Bachelor of Fine Arts)/BVA (Bachelor of Visual Arts)- Sculpture|
|Eligibility||10+2 (any discipline) with 50% marks|
|Entrance Exam||Every institution/college conducts its own entrance test. Some of them are: Delhi University BFA Entrance Exam, Kerala BFA Entrance Exam, JNAFAU (Jawaharlal Nehru Architecture and Fine Arts University) BFA Entrance Exam, RBU (Rabindra Bharati University) BFA Admission Test Some colleges take direct admissions on merit basis.|
|Average Course Fee||₹20,000 to ₹3,00,000|
|Goal||Sculptor, Modeler, Art Teacher, Freelance Sculptor|
|MFA (Master of Fine Arts)/MVA (Master of Visual Arts) - Sculpture|
|Eligibility||BFA (Bachelor of Fine Arts)/BVA (Bachelor of Visual Arts) in the concerned branch or allied art subject with 50% marks|
|Entrance Exam||Every institution/college conducts its own entrance test. Some of them are: JMI (Jamia Millia Islamia) MFA Entrance Exam, JNAFAU (Jawaharlal Nehru Architecture and Fine Arts University) MFA Entrance Exam, RBU (Rabindra Bharati University) MFA Admission Test Some colleges take direct admissions on merit basis.|
|Average Course Fee||₹20,000 to ₹1,25,000|
|Goal||Sculptor, Art Consultant, Art Director, Exhibition Designer, Lecturer|
Colleges for Sculpture
- Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi
- Delhi College of Arts & Commerce, Delhi
- Govt. College of Fine Arts, Thrissur
- Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)
- Indira Kala Sangit Vishwavidyalaya, Khairagarh
- Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi
- Jawaharlal Nehru Architecture and Fine Arts University (JNAFAU), Hyderabad
- Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra
- Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar
- Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
- Sir J. J. Institute of Applied Art, Mumbai
- University of Mumbai, Mumbai
- Utkal University, Bhubaneshwar
- Visva Bharati University, West Bengal
Top Colleges for Sculpture
Scholarship / Fellowship in Sculpture
- Scheme for Scholarships to Young Artistes in Different Cultural Fields by Ministry of Culture, Government of India
- ICCR Scholarship Scheme by Indian Council for Cultural Relations
- Lalit Kala Akademi Scholarship
- The Krishnakriti Foundation in Hyderabad and The French Embassy in India offer scholarships to Indian artists who wish to study in prestigious French institutes in the fields of visual arts.
- Inlaks Fine Arts Award provides financial assistance to young artists in their formative years to develop their creative talent.
- Foundation for Indian Contemporary Art (FICA)– The Emerging Artists Award supports young Indian artists studying or practicing in India who demonstrate extraordinary skills in the visual arts.
- Khoj Fellowship
- Ratan Tata Trust Scholarships for Indian Students in India in the field of fine arts
- Sitaram Jindal Foundation Scholarship
- Different institutions / colleges award scholarships to deserving students. The scholarship criteria vary from one institute to another.
Sculpture Key Skills
Sculpture Career Prospects
- Sculptor / Modeler / Molder
- Craft Artist / Freelance Artist
- Art or Craft Teacher / Clay-Pottery Trainer
- Lecturer / Professor
- Metalworker / Woodworker / Stoneworker
- Interior Decorator
- Exhibition Designer
- Furniture Designer
- Museum Curator / Archivist
Jobs in Sculpture
- Art Galleries / Commercial Art Studios
- Construction Companies
- Museums, Cultural Conservation Centers
- Government Sector like National Art Galleries
- Antique Remodeling
- Stone Carving
- Interior Design / Decoration & Furniture Design
- Schools / Colleges / Universities / Academic Institutes
- Television & Film Industry
Salary in Sculpture
Like in any other field the remuneration in this field depends on qualification, experience and area in which one works. One could get an initial pay of ₹7,000 to ₹10,000 per month.
Sculpture Role Models
Nek Chand Saini
Nek Chand Saini was a self-taught Indian artist, known for building the Rock Garden of Chandigarh, an eighteen-acre sculpture garden in the city of Chandigarh, India. He hailed from Shakargarh region (now in Pakistan) of district Gurdaspur. His family moved to Chandigarh in 1947 during the Partition. At the time, the city was being redesigned as a modern utopia by the Swiss/French architect Le Corbusier. It was to be the first planned city in India, and Chand found work there as a roads inspector for the Public Works Department in 1951. He was awarded the Padma Shri by Government of India in 1984. He died in 2015. This monument, Rock Garden, is one of the most famous sites in India. Nek Chand, the creator of this place, died in 2015. But still this site is visited by millions of people every year. The gorge had been designated as a land conservancy, a forest buffer established in 1902 that nothing could be built on.
Hemi Bawa is an Indian painter and sculptor, known for her sculpture at the 1996 Olympic Games at Atlanta, commissioned by Coca-Cola. Her works include acrylic and glass paintings and sculptures made of cast glass, fibre glass and copper-fired glass. Bawa was born in Delhi and did not have any formal training when she started painting in 1962. Later, she studied Scandinavian glassmaking techniques and started working on that medium and also in combination with metal, wood and acrylic. In 1996, Coca-Cola commissioned her for a sculpture, to be displayed during the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta and the eight-foot high work is now on display at the Coca Cola Museum in the city. She has had solo and group exhibitions in India and abroad, including the Glass Dimension show and India Art Fair 2012 at Delhi.
Sudarshan Sahoo the master sculptor was born in the divine city of Puri in 1939. Being a part of a city that has a rich cultural heritage, he was naturally inclined towards the art of sculpture. At the age of 13, he got an opportunity to get trained under stalwarts like Late Guru Bhubaneswar Mohapatra and Late Guru Kunia Moharana of Puri. His innovative and extravagant style of creating sculptures took him altogether at a different level in the aesthetic World of Art and Crafts. When Shree Sahoo developed Sudarshan Crafts Museum, Puri in 1977, he almost became a father figure in the development of traditional sculptures. It provides a platform to the upcoming artists to display their raw talent in front of art lovers all over the World. The Museum is a symbolic meeting point for people interested in the art of sculptures.The Gurukul system of learning relived the tradition again when Sudarshan Sahoo established Sudarshan Art & Crafts Village, Bhubaneswar in 1991 with the help of the Government of Odisha.