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Sociology - scope, careers, colleges, skills, jobs, salary

Everything you need to know about making a career in the Sociology. Sociology careers, scope, colleges, skills required, job prospects and salary. Discover the complete information of Sociology here.

About Sociology


“The task for sociology is to come to the help of the individual. We have to be in service of freedom. It is something we have lost sight of.” ~Zygmunt Bauman

Sociology is the scientific study of society, including patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture. It is a social science that uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop a body of knowledge about social order, acceptance, and change. Many sociologists aim to conduct research that may be applied directly to social policy and welfare, while others focus primarily on refining the theoretical understanding of social processes. Subject matter ranges from the micro-sociology level of individual agency and interaction to the macro level of systems and the social structure.

The traditional focuses of sociology include social stratification, social class, social mobility, religion, secularization, law, sexuality and deviance. As all spheres of human activity are affected by the interplay between social structure and individual agency, sociology has gradually expanded its focus to other subjects, such as health, medical, economy, military and penal institutions, the Internet, education, social capital and the role of social activity in the development of scientific knowledge.

There are some MA and PhD sociologists which can obtain specialized training to become counselors, therapists, or program directors in social service agencies.

They usually carry out the following functions:

  • Market and Quality studies.
  • Social-economic studies, Demographics and opinions.
  • Planning of services
  • Organizational management
  • Design of project evaluation
  • Human Resources management
  • Grant management and public agreements
  • Satisfaction: marketing, communication and publicity
  • Regional planning
  • Local development
  • Social and occupational guidance
  • Analysis and evaluation of posts
  • Institutional relationships
  • Negotiation and conflict resolution
  • Advice in the creation of businesses

Sociology Career Path

B.A. in Sociology
Duration3 years
Eligibility10+2 (any discipline)
Entrance ExamSome institutions give admissions based on merit/University-level entrance exams, other institutions conduct their own entrance tests.
Average Course Fee₹10,000 to ₹1,50,000
GoalCommunity Service Worker, Youth Worker etc.
BA (Hons.) in Sociology
Duration3 years
Eligibility10+2 (any discipline)
Entrance ExamMostly institution/college conduct their own entrance tests. One such test is Jamia Milia Islamia Entrance Exam. Some colleges take direct admissions on merit basis.
Average Course Fee₹15,000 to ₹3,00,000
GoalStaff Reporter, Human Services Assistant etc.
M.A. in Sociology
Duration2 years
EligibilityGraduation (Sociology/any discipline)
Entrance ExamSome institutions give admissions based on merit/University-level entrance exams, other institutions conduct their own entrance tests.
Average Course Fee₹5,000 to ₹70,000
GoalResearch Assistant, Social Worker, Census Worker, Social Critic etc.

Colleges for Sociology

  • Acharya Nagarjuna University Centre for Distance Education
  • Andhra University, Visakhapatnam
  • Banasthali Vidyapith
  • Delhi University (DU), New Delhi
  • Gauhati University, Guwahati, Assam
  • GD Goenka University, Gurgaon
  • Kakatiya University, Warangal
  • Loyola College, Chennai
  • Magadh University
  • Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak
  • Mahatma Jyoti Rao Phoole University, Jaipur
  • Maulana Azad College
  • Parul University, Vadodara
  • PDM University, Bahadurgarh
  • Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune
  • University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
  • University of Lucknow
  • University of Madras, Chennai
  • University of Rajasthan

Top Colleges for Sociology

Scholarship / Fellowship in Sociology

  • Different institutions / colleges award scholarships to deserving students. The scholarship criteria vary from one institute to another. For e.g. Delhi University’s Sanwal Memorial Prize, Kunda Datar Gold Medal in Sociology.

Sociology Key Skills




Focus and hard work

Making reasoned arguments

Organization & Time Management

Organizing work and meeting deadlines.

Research and data analysis

Sociology Career Prospects

  • Community development worker
  • Family support worker
  • Teacher
  • Social Worker
  • International aid / development worker
  • Social researcher
  • Social worker
  • Youth worker
  • Actuarial analyst
  • Staff Reporter
  • Advisor
  • Training Advisor
  • Research Assistant
  • Charity fundraiser
  • Census Worker
  • Social Theorist
  • Counsellor
  • Human Services Assistant
  • Social Critic
  • Research Assistant

Jobs in Sociology

  • Charitable, Counselling and Voluntary Organizations
  • Corporate Research Firms
  • Education Sector
  • Foreign Aid Programs
  • Criminal Justice Field
  • Humanitarian Organizations
  • Communications Industry
  • Labor Unions
  • Newspapers
  • Human Services
  • Corporate Research Firms
  • India Civil Services
  • Politics
  • Public Relations
  • Radio Stations
  • Social Work
  • Television Studios
  • Research Organizations
  • Trade Associations
  • Youth Services
  • National Health Service
  • NGOs

Salary in Sociology

Sociologists, depending on the level of qualification in education, are paid keeping in mind the location and kind of the job. The salary of a sociologist can be from ₹6,000 to ₹10,000 for beginners and will increase with experience and knowledge. Those employed under government sector earn in a range of ₹8,000 to ₹10,000 per month. Higher salaries can be expected from corporate houses.

Sociology Role Models


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