Home > Careers > Agriculture > Soil Science

Soil Science - scope, careers, colleges, skills, jobs, salary

Everything you need to know about making a career in the Soil Science. Soil Science careers, scope, colleges, skills required, job prospects and salary. Discover the complete information of Soil Science here.

About Soil Science

Soil Science - scope, careers, colleges, skills, jobs, salary


“Soil is a living ecosystem, and is a farmer’s most precious asset. A farmer’s productive capacity is directly related to the health of his or her soil.” ~Howard Warren Buffett

“A soil adapted to the growth of plants, is necessarily prepared and carefully preserved; and, in the necessary waste of land which is inhabited, the foundation is laid for future continents, in order to support the system of the living world.” ~James Hutton

Soil science is the study of soil as a natural resource on the surface of the Earth including soil formation, classification and mapping, physical, chemical, biological, and fertility properties of soils; and these properties in relation to the use and management of soils.

Sometimes terms which refer to branches of soil science, such as pedology (formation, chemistry, morphology, and classification of soil) and edaphology (how soils interact with living things, especially plants), are used as if synonymous with soil science. The diversity of names associated with this discipline is related to the various associations concerned. Indeed, engineers, agronomists, chemists, geologists, physical geographers, ecologists, biologists, microbiologists, silviculturists, sanitarians, archaeologists, and specialists in regional planning, all contribute to further knowledge of soils and the advancement of the soil sciences.

Soil scientists have raised concerns about how to preserve soil and arable land in a world with a growing population, possible future water crisis, increasing per capita food consumption, and land degradation.

Soil Science Career Path

M.Sc. (Soil Science)/MSc. Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry
Level Post-Graduate
Duration 2 years
Eligibility B.Sc. (Soil Science/Agriculture)
Entrance Exam Every institution/college conduct their own entrance tests. Some of them take direct admissions on merit basis.
Specialization Agronomy, Horticulture, Plant Pathology, Food Technology, Post-Harvest, Plantation Crops, Agricultural Extension, Agricultural Economics, Plant Physiology, Entomology
Average Course Fee --
Mode Regular
Goal Soil Pedologist, Farm Manager etc.

Colleges for Soil Science

  • AKS University, M.P
  • Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi
  • College of Agriculture, Padannakkad
  • College of Agriculture, Vellayani
  • College of Post-Graduate Studies (CAU), Meghalaya
  • Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University, Palampur
  • ICAR-Indian Institute of Spices Research, Kerala
  • Institute of Agricultural Science, University of Calcutta, Kolkata
  • Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Udaipur
  • Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology & Sciences (SHIATS), Allahabad
  • University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS), Bangalore

Top Colleges for Soil Science

Scholarship / Fellowship in Soil Science

  • Different institutions / colleges award scholarships to deserving students. The scholarship criteria vary from one institute to another.

Soil Science Key Skills

Communication Skills

IT skills

Logical thinking

Organizational & time management skills

Planning Skills

Practical skills

Presentation Skills

Problem Solving

Research and data analysis

Team work

Soil Science Career Prospects

  • Soil Scientist Professor
  • Soil Pedologist
  • Soil Conservation Technician
  • Horticulture Consultant
  • Farm Manager
  • Plant Geneticist
  • Conservation Planner
  • Landscape Professional
  • Soil Technical Auditor
  • Food Production Personnel

Jobs in Soil Science

  • Environmental or Resource Management
  • Agricultural Industry
  • Soil Conservation
  • Crop Consultancies
  • Research Field
  • Marketing Management
  • Agricultural Firms
  • Environment Consultancies
  • Research Establishments
  • Commercial and Industrial Enterprises
  • Academic Institutes
  • Soil Conservation Departments
  • Water Management Bodies
  • Environment Protection Companies
  • Geological Departments

Salary in Soil Science

Like in any other field the remuneration in this field depends on qualification, experience and area in which one works. One could get an initial pay of ₹15,000 to ₹36,000 per month.

Soil Science Role Models


Have A Query

[contact-form-7 id="50221" title="Sidebar Contact form"]

Hey there!

Forgot password?

Forgot your password?

Enter your account data and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Your password reset link appears to be invalid or expired.


Processing files…

Verify Yourself