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Special Education - scope, careers, colleges, skills, jobs, salary

Everything you need to know about making a career in the Special Education. Special Education careers, scope, colleges, skills required, job prospects and salary. Discover the complete information of Special Education here.

About Special Education


“I went to school for special education. I always assumed when I had the opportunity I would love to try and help kids with disabilities”. ~Clay Aiken

“I decided to study special education and fell in love with working with individuals with autism. That’s what I planned to do with my life”. ~Clay Aiken

What do you imagine when you think about special education? You might picture children with disabilities spending the day tucked away in a different kind of classroom, separated from most of the kids their age. This may have been the norm in the past. But as the field of special education has moved forward, much has changed.

Special education still focuses on helping children with disabilities. But this no longer has to mean placing kids in a special classroom all day long. In fact, Federal Law requires that students who receive special educational services be taught alongside their non-disabled peers as much as possible.

For example, some students with dyslexia may spend most of the day in a general educational classroom. They may spend just an hour or two in a resource room working with a specialist on reading and other skills. Other students with dyslexia might need more support than that. And others might need to attend a different school that specializes in teaching kids with learning disabilities.

“Special education refers to a range of services that can be provided in different ways and in different settings.”:

  • There is no “one size fits all” approach to special education. It’s tailored to meet each student’s needs.
  • If your child qualifies for special education, he’ll receive individualized teaching and other key resources at no cost to you. The specialists who work with your child will focus on his strengths as well as his challenges. And you’ll be an important member of the team that decides what he needs to make progress in school.

There are around 35 diploma and degree courses in special education in India specially meant for special students. Most of these courses are managed by the Rehabilitation Council of India to offer a rehabilitation to the specially-abled children in their life.

  • Special education teachers work primarily with students with three major segments of disabilities, namely Learning Disability (LD), Mental Retardation (MR) or Intellectual Disability (ID) and Visual Impairment (VI), Multiple Disabilities (MD), Deaf and Hard of Hearing (DHH) and Hearing Impairment (HI).

Duties of Special Education Teachers

Special education teachers typically do the following:

  • Assess students’ skills to determine their needs and to develop appropriate teaching plans.
  • Adapt general lessons to meet the needs of students.
  • Develop Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) for each student.
  • Plan, organize, and assign activities that are specific to each student’s abilities.
  • Teach and mentor students as a class, in small groups, and one-on-one.
  • Implement IEPs, assess students’ performance, and track their progress.
  • Update IEPs throughout the school year to reflect students’ progress and goals.
  • Discuss student’s progress with parents, teachers, counselors, and administrators.
  • Supervise and mentor teaching assistants who work with students with disabilities.
  • Prepare and help students transition from grade to grade and for life after graduation.

Special Education Career Path

B.Ed.Spl.Ed. (Bachelor of Education - Special Education)
DurationThe duration of the Course is two academic years, which can be completed in a maximum of three years from the date of admission to the program.
Eligibility(a) Candidates with at least fifty percent marks either in the Bachelor Degree and/or in the Master degree in Sciences/ Social Sciences/ Humanities, Bachelor’s in Engineering or Technology with specialization in Science and Mathematics with 55 % marks or any other qualification equivalent thereto, are eligible for admission to the program. (b) The reservation and relaxation for SC/ST/OBC/PWD and other categories shall be as per the rules of the Central Government/ State Government, whichever is applicable.
Entrance Exam
Average Course Fee
ModeAs per University norms
GoalSpecial Educator

Colleges for Special Education

  • Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for The Hearing Handicapped (AYJNIHH), Mumbai
  • Amar Jyoti Rehabilitation and Research Centre, New Delhi
  • Bangalore University
  • Chetana Institute of Mentally Handicapped, Lucknow
  • Deepshikha Institute of Child Development and Mental Health, Ranchi, Jharkhand
  • Helen Kellers Institute of Research and Rehabilitation for the disabled children, Secunderabad
  • Indian Institute of Health Education & Research, Patna
  • Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)
  • Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi
  • Jyoti Institute of Medical and Rehabilitation Sciences- Previously Viklang Kendra Teaching and Training Institute (JIMARS), Allahabad
  • National Institute for Empowerment of Persons with Multiple Disabilities, Chennai
  • National Institute for locomotor Disabilities, Kolkata
  • National Institute for The Mentally Handicapped, Secunderabad
  • National Institute of Speech and Hearing (NISH), Thiruvananthapuram
  • National Institute of the Visually Handicapped, Dehradun
  • Pt Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Institute for the Physically Handicapped, Delhi
  • Punjab University, Chandigarh
  • Snehasadan College of Special Education, Angamaly, Kerala
  • Swami Vivekanand National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research (SVNIRTAR), Odisha
  • YMCA Institute for Special Education, New Delhi

Top Colleges for Special Education

Scholarship / Fellowship in Special Education

  • It is desirable to provide some free studentship for meritorious poor and socially backward student by RCI
  • Free Studentship on merit cum means basis as per University Rule. Reservation for SC / ST / PD as per Government Rule.

Special Education Key Skills

Communication Skills



Detail Oriented

Dexterous & Alert



Focus and hard work

Good memory

Able to retain facts easily

Motivational Skills


Observational Skill

Organization & Time Management

Passion for learning

Physical and mental strength

Positive attitude

Practical skills

Problem Solving

Research and data analysis

Special Education Career Prospects

  • Special Education Teacher or Special Educator
  • Education Developer Associate
  • Pre- Primary Teacher
  • Counsellor
  • Education Researcher

Jobs in Special Education

  • NGOs
  • Rehabilitation Centre
  • Special School
  • Private Support
  • Special Education Clinics
  • Day Care Centers

Salary in Special Education

A Special Education earns an average starting salary of ₹10,000 - ₹15,000 per month. With the level of education and experience salary will increase up to ₹50,000.

Special Education Role Models

Further Readings


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