A lesson plan is an instructor’s analytical report on the course of instruction and guidance for a particular lesson. It plays a significant role in the teaching section, as it prepares and boosts the teacher’s confidence to handle the students effectively as well as deliver the required information efficiently. On the other hand, the lesson plan enables a teacher to be well organized in their work, and also in their way of presenting the essential content. Lesson plans also allow teachers to cater for the various needs of students, depending on their abilities and level of performance. Below are the steps to prepare it.
Step 1. Goals and objectives
The plans and aims of the lesson must be outlined and explained, so as to avoid confusion and failure to deliver the desired content. A teacher should include the goals in the objectives section of the lesson plan, stating the tasks that the students should perform in the classroom, the signs, and indicators that they understood whatever was being taught and lastly an outline of what to accomplish by the end of the lesson. Teachers can use an outline format to create a quick and professional lesson plan outline.
Step 2. Set anticipations
In this section, one should describe whatever they will present and teach the students. One must write the topics or subtopics to submit in a clear way, as well as include enough content to avoid confusion during the lesson. Besides, one should also consider starting the lesson with a short question section, so as to start their experience actively.
Step 3. Direct administration
Instructors should have a plan of how they will deliver their content so as to meet the needs of various students in the classroom. The learning materials to be used should also be present, for the teacher to make reference to them while teaching. The resources could be books, charts or any other that the teacher prefers. Besides, the teacher should also think of the best ways to engage her students and have a vital lesson, and also outline the best learning styles to suit her students.
Step 4. Monitored practices
An instructor should make sure he supervises his students after delivering the lesson, for them to practice whatever he has taught. The training can occur either individually or cooperatively as a group. By doing so, the learners share ideas which help them remember the content quickly. Engaging homework that is fun to do must be given to students, especially those in the lower classes, as it encourages them to handle them with excitement and openness. Besides, the homework should also occupy a child’s mind and make them fuss about that particular lesson. With this, it gets easier for them to master content.
Step 5. Conclusion
In this section, one should have a plan of how they will wind up their lesson, and the tactics to use so as to help the students better understand the content taught. One can include a quick overview of whatever they have learned, and also conduct a brief discussion among the students to help them understand better.
Step 6. Independent Practice
After the lesson, one should give the learners an assignment to help them exercise their skills and knowledge in the content taught. Besides, this also helps the teacher to determine whether the students understood the illustrated content and whether the content was well delivered.
Step 7. Assessment and follow up
After delivery of all the planned content, teachers should present the students with tests to evaluate their ability, as well as determine whether they achieved the set objectives successfully.
Tips to write an effective lesson plan
In order to achieve all the laid-out parameters in lessons, a teacher must take various measures as explained below.
Keep time – An instructor must plan his day realistically, and allocate each section to be taught the most appropriate time, according to the complexity of its content. Besides, he/she should make sure that he does not get late to attend the lesson, as this reduces the amount of time set to cover all the planned content.
Prepare for distractions – An instructor must always be ready for any questions that may come up during the lesson, hence be well equipped to answer them. Solving student-based curiosity will help them grasp all the necessary context of a course outline. Overall, a good lesson plan should involve dynamics of both the teacher and students.