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Agronomy - scope, careers, colleges, skills, jobs, salary

Everything you need to know about making a career in the Agronomy. Agronomy careers, scope, colleges, skills required, job prospects and salary. Discover the complete information of Agronomy here.

About Agronomy

“The study of the soil is known as “agronomy,” but, from the foregoing remarks, it will be seen that agronomy is not in itself a science, but expresses the bearing of several recognised branches of science upon the study of soils.” ~John Wrightson

“Agronomy is the scientific management of land to practice effective soil conservation and to maximize crop production.” ~Jim Cole

Agronomy is the science and technology of producing and using plants for food, fuel, fiber, and land reclamation. Agronomy has come to encompass work in the areas of plant genetics, plant physiology, meteorology, and soil science. It is the application of a combination of sciences like biology, chemistry, economics, ecology, earth science, and genetics. Agronomists of today are involved with many issues, including producing food, creating healthier food, managing the environmental impact of agriculture, and extracting energy from plants. Agronomists often specialize in areas such as crop rotation, irrigation and drainage, plant breeding, plant physiology, soil classification, soil fertility, weed control, and insect and pest control.

This area of agronomy involves selective breeding of plants to produce the best crops under various conditions. Plant breeding has increased crop yields and has improved the nutritional value of numerous crops, including corn, soybeans, and wheat. It has also led to the development of new types of plants. For example, a hybrid grain called triticale was produced by crossbreeding rye and wheat. Triticale contains more usable protein than does either rye or wheat. Agronomy has also been instrumental in fruit and vegetable production research.

Agronomist duties and responsibilities include:

  • Conduct experiments. Agronomists work with farmers to implement new cropping practices to try and increase the farm’s economic return
  • Collect samples to perform analyses. Agronomists collect biological and non-biological samples from the fields in which they work to have them analyzed, so that they can understand the environment in which their plants are growing.
  • Monitor plant growth and crop performance. Agronomists carefully monitor the effects of outside factors on plant growth, such as soil characteristics, temperatures, water levels, pests, and water drainage.
  • Consult with farmers on farming techniques. Agronomists encourage farmers to implement practices to increase crop growth, improve management, and protect environmental sustainability.

Agronomy Career Path

B.Sc. (Agronomy)/ B.Sc. Agriculture (Specialization in Agronomy)/ B.Sc. (Hons) in Agriculture
Duration4 years (8 Semesters)
Eligibility10+2 in Science with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics or Equivalent
Entrance ExamSome institutions give admissions based on merit/University-level entrance exams, other institutions conduct their own entrance tests.
Average Course Fee7,000 to ₹3,50,000
GoalAgronomy Officer, Corporate Agronomist, Rice Breeder etc.
M.Sc. (Agronomy)/M.Sc. in Agriculture (Agronomy)
Duration2 years
EligibilityB.Sc. (Agronomy) B.Sc. Agri./B.Sc. Forestry/B.Sc. Horticulture/B.Sc. with CBZ (Chemistry. Botany, Zoology) or Equivalent
Entrance ExamSome institutions give admissions based on merit/University-level entrance exams, other institutions conduct their own entrance tests.
SpecializationHorticulture, Soil Science, Food Technology, Post-Harvest, Entomology
Average Course Fee3,000 to ₹1,50,000
GoalHorticulture Instructor, Green House Operations Manager, Agricultural Extension Specialist/Agent, Soil Conservationist etc.

Colleges for Agronomy

  • Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad
  • Adarsh Krishna P. G. College, Shikohabad
  • Agricultural College & Research Institute, Kudumiyanmalai
  • Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu
  • Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat
  • Birsa Agricultural University (BAU), Jharkhand
  • Chaudhary Sarwan Kumar Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidyalaya (CSK HPKV), Palampur 
  • College of Agriculture, Bahulgaon
  • Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh
  • Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar
  • Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur
  • Rajendra Agricultural University, Samastipur, Bihar
  • Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Gwalior
  • Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology (SKUAST), Srinagar
  • Sri Venkateswara Agricultural College, Tirupati
  • Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
  • Uttaranchal College of Agricultural Sciences (UCAS), Dehradun
  • Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Maharashtra

Top Colleges for Agronomy

Scholarship / Fellowship in Agronomy

  • Different institutions / colleges award scholarships to deserving students. The scholarship criteria vary from one institute to another.
  • Scholarship on the basis of LPUNEST by Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar

Agronomy Key Skills

Communication Skills


Focus and hard work

Mathematical Aptitude

Observational Skill

Problem Solving

Research on plants

Agronomy Career Prospects

  • Agronomy Officer
  • Subject Matter Specialist
  • Corporate Agronomist
  • Rice Breeder
  • Assistant Seed Production Specialist
  • Junior Agronomist
  • Soil Scientist
  • Senior Agronomist
  • Crop Scientist
  • Green House Operations Manager
  • Horticulture Instructor
  • Agricultural Educator
  • Agricultural Extension Specialist / Agent
  • Soil Conservationist
  • Research Testing Associate
  • Project Fellow / Research Associate
  • Lecturer Teacher
  • Farm Manager
  • Arborist etc.

Jobs in Agronomy

  • Sales & Marketing Companies
  • Educational Institutes
  • Agriculture Sector
  • FMCG Companies
  • Food Processing Plants
  • Manure Companies
  • Fertilizer Companies
  • Organic Farming
  • Forests and Governance
  • Land, Water and Livelihoods
  • Ecosystem Services and Human Well-being
  • Colleges & Universities
  • Seed Companies
  • Department of Land Affairs
  • Farm Services Agency
  • Lawn Care Companies
  • Ecosystems and Global Change etc.

Salary in Agronomy

The average salary for an Agronomist is ₹29,000 to ₹60,000 per month.

Agronomy Role Models


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