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Plant Breeding & Genetics - scope, careers, colleges, skills, jobs, salary

Everything you need to know about making a career in the Plant Breeding & Genetics. Plant Breeding & Genetics careers, scope, colleges, skills required, job prospects and salary. Discover the complete information of Plant Breeding & Genetics here.

About Plant Breeding & Genetics

Plant Breeding & Genetics - scope, careers, colleges, skills, jobs, salary

“Even as the population doubled from three to six billion, we managed to race ahead with all kinds of technological and scientific events in agriculture – from using more fertilizers to mechanization to advanced plant breeding.” ~Nina Fedoroff

“The secret of improved plant breeding, apart from scientific knowledge, is love.” ~Luther Burbank

“Genetics was, I would say, the first part of biology to become a pretty good theoretical subject, based on the theory of the gene and patterns of inheritance of characteristics.” ~Linus Pauling

Plant breeding is the art and science of changing the traits of plants to produce desired characteristics. It has been used to improve the quality of nutrition in products for humans and animals. Plant breeding can be accomplished through many different techniques ranging from simply selecting plants with desirable characteristics for propagation, to methods that make use of knowledge of genetics and chromosomes, to more complex molecular techniques (see cultigen and cultivar). Genes in a plant are what determine what type of qualitative or quantitative traits it will have. The main purpose plant breeders are having is to create a specific outcome of plants and potentially new plant varieties.

The Indian Society of Genetics and Plant Breeding, the oldest and most prestigious registered society of practicing Geneticists and Plant Breeders from public and private institutions and the students pursuing Genetics and Plant Breeding disciplines, has vital role to play in fostering the progress of Science of Genetics and Plant Breeding in the country. The Society was founded 60 years ago in January 1941 at the Indian Congress Session at BHU, Varanasi by a group of Indian geneticists and plant breeders of that time led by Late Dr. B.P. Pal, the First Secretary and also the First Editor of the Society’s official publication, the Indian Journal of Genetics & Plant Breeding. The Journal Nature had acknowledged the formation of the society and publication of its Journal.

The Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding is a periodical for the publication of records of original research in all branches of genetics, plant breeding and cytology, including human genetics, molecular biology and biotechnology, and other cognate sciences of sufficient importance and of such a character as to be of primary interest to the geneticist and plant breeders.

Plant Breeding & Genetics Career Path

M.Sc. in Genetics & Plant Breeding/ M.Sc.(Ag.) (Genetics & Plant Breeding)
Duration2 years (4 Semesters)
EligibilityGraduation/ B.Sc. Agriculture or B.Sc. Agriculture (Hons.) /B.Sc. (Bot.) Hons.
Entrance ExamSome institutions give admissions based on merit/University-level entrance exams, other institutions conduct their own entrance tests.
Average Course Fee3,000 to ₹90,000
GoalLaunch and Support Specialist, Corn Breeder, Plant Breeder etc.
PhD. (Genetics and Plant Breeding)
Duration3 years (Min.)
EligibilityPost-Graduate or Equivalent
Entrance ExamSome institutions give admissions based on merit/University-level entrance exams, other institutions conduct their own entrance tests.
Average Course Fee--
GoalResearch Associate, Senior Research Fellow, Professor, Lecturer

Colleges for Plant Breeding & Genetics

  • Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad
  • Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi
  • Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, West Bengal
  • Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut
  • College of Post-Graduate Studies (CAU), Meghalaya
  • Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar
  • Himgiri Zee University, Dehradun
  • Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi
  • Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh
  • Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar
  • Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth (MPKV), Rahuri
  • Navinchandra Mafatlal College of Agriculture, Gujarat
  • Punjab Agricultural University (PAU), Ludhiana
  • Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology & Sciences (SHIATS), Allahabad
  • University of Calcutta, Kolkata
  • University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram

Top Colleges for Plant Breeding & Genetics

Scholarship / Fellowship in Plant Breeding & Genetics

  • Different institutions / colleges award scholarships to deserving students. The scholarship criteria vary from one institute to another.

Plant Breeding & Genetics Key Skills

Communication Skills

Decision Making skills


Self Motivation

Team work

Plant Breeding & Genetics Career Prospects

  • Corn Breeder
  • Plant Breeder
  • Agronomist
  • Conversion Centre Manager
  • Research Associate
  • Application Support Specialist
  • Launch & Support Specialist
  • Programmer Analyst
  • Application Support Specialist
  • Cotton Agronomist
  • Research Associate
  • Senior Research Fellow
  • Launch and Support Specialist
  • Application Support Specialist
  • Programmer Analyst
  • Conversion Centre Manager etc.

Jobs in Plant Breeding & Genetics

  • Educational Institutes
  • Plant Breeding Centers
  • Genetic Engineering Firms
  • Nurseries
  • Agriculture Departments
  • Biotechnology Companies
  • Crop Plantation Facilities
  • Agriculture Ministries
  • Research Laboratories
  • Agricultural Scientist
  • Crop Research Directorates etc.

Salary in Plant Breeding & Genetics

Salary allocated for the respective designations may range from ₹25,000 to ₹27,000 per month.

Plant Breeding & Genetics Role Models


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