Full Form of IPS, IAS, UPSC, PSC, SSC, ACP

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Full Form of IPS

IPS or Indian Police Service is undoubtedly one of the most prestigious and honored civil services in India. It is one of the 3 All India Services of the Government of India. Other two services are IAS (Indian Administration Service) and IFS (Indian Foreign Service). The Ministry of Home Affairs acts as the cadre controlling authority for the IPS. An IPS officer carries out his or her responsibilities by safeguarding the public and detecting and preventing crime. He/she gives more importance to law and order and is also responsible for traffic control, accident prevention, and management.

Branches in IPS

IPS service is divided into various functional departments such as Crime Branch, Criminal Investigation Department (CID), Home Guards, and Traffic Bureau.

Educational Eligibility

The candidates who want to appear in the IPS exam must have a degree from recognized University in any discipline. Those candidates who are appearing in their final degree exam or with professional and technical qualifications recognized by the Government as equivalent to professional and technical degrees can also apply for the exam.

Age Limit

  • General-The maximum age for a candidate is 32 years.
  • OBC- The maximum age for a candidate is 35 years.
  • SC/ST- The maximum age for a candidate is 37 years.
  • Physically handicapped- The maximum age for a candidate is 42,45 and 47 years for general, OBC, SC/ST respectively.

Upper age limit

  • SC/St candidates- up to 5 years relaxation
  • OBC candidates- up to 3 years relaxation
  • Handicapped person (blind, deaf-mute and orthopedic) – up to 10 years relaxation
  • J&K resident, Ex- Military Servicemen- up to 5 years relaxation


The candidate should be

  • A citizen of India or Nepal or Bhutan
  • Or a Tibetan refugee (came to India before 1st January 1962 to be settled in India permanently)
  • Or a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Number of attempts

  • General- 6 attempts
  • OBC- 9 attempts
  • SC/ST- unlimited number of attempts
  • Physically handicapped- 9 attempts for general and OBC, while unlimited for SC/ST

Physical requirements


  • Male minimum 165 cm & ST (not the SC/ OBC) – 160 cm
  • Female minimum 150 cm & ST (not SC/ OBC) – 145 cm


  • Male Minimum 84 cm with 5cm expansion.
  • Female Minimum 79 cm with 5cm expansion.


  • 6/6 or 6/9 distant vision for good eye.
  • 6/12 or 6/9 for worst eye.
  • Near vision J 1 for good eye. J2 for worst eye.


The examination consists of three parts:

  • Preliminary Exam– It is the first level of the exam. It consists of the Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT), which again has two papers, general studies paper 1, and General Studies paper 2. While GS paper 1 covers topics ranging from History of India, Geography of the World and India to those of Indian Polity & Governance, Issues and Solutions of Environment and General Science, topics of GS paper 2 are more of the type testing candidates’ mental and cognitive make-up for the job. It is a multiple-choice question exam that selects candidates for the next level of exam, the mains exam. The marks from prelims are not added while preparing for the final result.
  • Main Exam– Once a candidate clears the prelims exam, he/she is liable to appear in the main exam. It offers a list of 9 subjects in which seven subjects are compulsory and two are optional. A candidate can select any optional subject irrespective of his/her subject in which he/she holds a degree. Moreover, out of the 7 compulsory subjects, the first two dealing with a modern Indian language of the candidates’ choices and the English language are only qualifying in nature. Otherwise, the Mains exam overall, is very comprehensive in nature and the candidate has to answer essay type questions. When the candidate clears it, he/she is called for a personal interview round.
  • Personal Interview– The duration of this PI is 45 mins. After the interview, the final selection list is prepared which is called the merit list. It is made on the basis of the total marks obtained in the main exam and the interview.

Apart from clearing the UPSC exam, it is also possible to become an IPS officer after clearing the state PSC exam. It generally takes 8-10 years to become an SP after clearing the state level exam.

Roles and responsibilities of an IPS Officer

Over the years the Indian Police Service’s objectives were updated and redefined that can cater to every conceivable need of the law or administration. An Indian Police Service Officer has to:

  • Fulfil duties based on border responsibilities, in the areas of maintenance of public peace and order, crime prevention, investigation, and detection, collection of intelligence, VIP security, counter-terrorism, border policing, railway policing, tackling smuggling, drug trafficking, economic offences, corruption in public life, disaster management, enforcement of socio-economic legislation, bio-diversity and protection of environmental laws etc.
  • Lead and command and share intelligence and other informational data with the Indian Intelligence Agencies like Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW), Intelligence Bureau (IB), Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), Criminal Investigation Department (CID), Indian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies, Civil and Armed Police Forces in all the states and union territories.
  • Lead and command the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) which include the Central Police Organizations (CPO) such as Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), National Security Guard (NSG), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Vigilance Organizations and Indian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies.
  • Interact and coordinate closely with the members of other All India Services and with the Indian Revenue Service and also with the Indian Armed Forces primarily with the Indian Army.
  • Maintain peace among the public is one of the most important duties of an IPS officers as well as they are responsible to take necessary decisions in their allotted state or district to maintain peace.
  • Provide security to VIPs. In fact, for the protection of Chief ministers and Prime minister, IPS Officers are allotted frequent duties, as well.
  • To Inculcate integrity of the highest order, sensitivity to aspirations of people in a fast-changing social and economic milieu, respect for human rights, a broad liberal perspective of law and justice and high standard of professionalism.

Full Form of IAS

Formerly known as Imperial Civil Service (ICS), Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is a civil services examination. It is the most prestigious administrative civil service and one of the toughest competitive exams in India. The subjects of Nepal are also eligible to appear and compete in this exam.

The IAS exam is conducted by the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) for the recruitment of officers for the All India Administrative Civil Service. The qualifying officers are given key and strategic positions in the Union government and public-sector undertaking.

You may also like to read the tips for a smart Preparation strategy for IAS Exam and get study material.

Educational Qualification

Candidates who want to apply for the civil service exams should:

  • Hold a Bachelor’s Degree from any of the recognized universities
  • Have appeared for the qualifying examination and are awaiting results or those who are yet to appear for the qualifying examination are also eligible for the Preliminary Examination. They must produce proof of passing in the said exam along with the application for the Main Examination
  • Have professional and technical qualifications that are recognized by the Government of India (or its equivalent are also eligible to apply)
  • Have passed the final year of MBBS or any Medical Examination. Those who yet to complete the internship can also appear for the Main Examination. However, they must submit a certificate from the concerned University from where they have passed the final professional medical examination

Age Limit for IAS Exam


CategoryUpper Age LimitNo. of Attempts Allowed
General32 Years6 Attempts
Other Backwards Castes (OBC)32 Years with the relaxation of 03 years = 35 years9 Attempts
Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe (SC/ST)32 Years with the relaxation of 05 Years = 37 yearsTill the Upper Age limit
Physically disabled candidates (Blind, Deaf-Mute, Orthopedic)32 years with relaxation of 10 years = 42 yearsFor the General and OBC Candidates= 09 attempts
For SC/ST Candidates = Unlimited till age limit
Jammu & Kashmir DomicileGeneral = 37 years, OBC = 40 Years, SC/ST = 42 Years, PH = 50 yearsUp to the Upper Age limit
Disabled servicemen disabled from dutyGeneral= 37 years OBC = 38 Years SC/ST = 40 YearsUp to the Upper Age limit

You may also like to read Top 8 coaching institutes for UPSC

Also, Check out Answer Writing in UPSC

Full Form of UPSC

UPSC or Union Public Service Commission is India’s leading central government agency that conducts many top-level exams for the recruitment of officers and staff into various services of the central government. It is most known for the civil services exam it conducts every year, though it also holds many other important exams.

You may also find Top 8 coaching institutes for UPSC worth reading!

Some of the exams conducted by UPSC are:

Civil Services Examination (CSE)

This exam recruits officers for the Indian civil services like IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS, IDES, IIS, etc.

Eligibility: For the CSE, the candidate must at least be a graduate to be eligible to take the exam.

Read Answer Writing in UPSC to get a fair idea about UPSC mains answer writing.

Engineering Services Examination (ESE)

This exam recruits officers into the Indian Engineering Service (IES). An IES officer works in technical aspects of the roads, railways, manufacturing, power, etc.

Eligibility: He/she must be an engineering graduate to qualify for the exam.

Combined Defense Services Examination (CDSE)

This exam is conducted to recruit people into the Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, Indian Air Force Academy and the Officers Training Academy. It is held twice a year.

Eligibility: Only unmarried graduates can take the exam.

National Defense Academy Examination (NDA)

This exam is conducted by the UPSC twice a year for those candidates who want to enter the National Defense Academy.

Eligibility: The candidate must have passed the intermediate exam and must be unmarried.

Combined Medical Services Examination (CMSE)

This exam is conducted for recruitment of Medical Officers into the various services like in Indian Ordnance Factories and the Indian Railways under the Indian government.

Eligibility: The candidate must be qualified doctor.

Indian Economic Service and Indian Statistical Service Examination (IES & ISS)

This exam recruits Grade IV officers into the Indian Economic and Statistical Services.

Indian Forest Services Exam (IFSE)

This exam is for recruitment as Indian Forest Service Officers.

Special Class Railway Apprentices Exam (SCRA)

This exam is conducted for entry into the Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Jamalpur for an undergraduate course in mechanical engineering.

Combined Geologist & Geo-Scientist Exam

This exam is conducted to recruit candidates into the Geological Survey of India as geologists, geophysicists, and chemists. This exam is also for hydrogeologist posts in the Central Ground Water Board.

Central Armed Police Forces Exam (CAPF)

This exam is conducted for recruitments of Assistant Commandants in the Central Armed Police Forces.

Learn how to make a smart Preparation strategy for IAS Exam!

Full Form of PSC

PCS or Public Service Commission was established under Article 315 to 323 of the Constitution of India. It is an authorized or central agency authorized to conduct recruitment examinations to select candidates for direct recruitment to various categories of posts under the Government of India.

Public Service Commission (UPSC & SPSC)

The civil servants play an important role in the successful administration of state at different levels. So, their recruitment, training, emoluments, conditions of service, promotion policies, etc. assume importance. For an impartial consideration of these matters relating to civil servants, an independent and expert authority is required. This authority is known as the institution of public service commission. One of the most important features of our Constitution is the inclusion of Public Service Commission at both Union and State levels in the Constitution.

While UPSC and SPSC are constitutional bodies, a joint public service commission is created by an Act of Parliament.

What does the Law say about PSC?

Articles 315 to 323 in Part XIV of the Constitution of India provides for the establishment of Public Service Commission for the Union and a Public Service Commission for each State. The same set of Articles (i.e., 315 to 323 in Part XIV) of the Constitution also deal with the composition, appointment, and removal of members, power and functions and independence of a Public Service Commission.

Union Public Service Commission

It was set up to conduct examinations for recruitment to all India services and higher Central services and to advise the President on disciplinary matters.

State Public Service Commission

It was set up in every state to conduct examinations for recruitment to state services and to advise the governor on disciplinary matters.

Salaries, allowances, and pensions payable for members of Public Service Commissions

As per the constitution of India, ‘’The expenses of the Union or a State Public Service Commission, including any salaries, allowances and pensions payable to or in respect of the members or staff of the Commission, shall be charged on the Consolidated Fund of India or, as the case may be, the Consolidated Fund of the State.’’

Public Service Commissions in India

  • Union Public Service Commission
  • Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission
  • Arunachal Pradesh Public Service Commission
  • Assam Public Service Commission
  • Bihar Public Service Commission
  • Chhattisgarh Public Service Commission
  • Goa Public Service Commission
  • Gujarat Public Service Commission
  • Haryana Public Service Commission
  • Himachal Pradesh Public Service Commission
  • Jammu & Kashmir Public Service Commission
  • Jharkhand Public Service Commission
  • Karnataka Public Service Commission
  • Kerala Public Service Commission
  • Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission
  • Maharashtra Public Service Commission
  • Manipur Public Service Commission
  • Meghalaya Public Service Commission
  • Mizoram Public Service Commission
  • Nagaland Public Service Commission
  • Odisha Public Service Commission
  • Public Service Commission, West Bengal
  • Punjab Public Service Commission
  • Rajasthan Public Service Commission
  • Sikkim Public Service Commission
  • Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission
  • Telangana state Public Service Commission
  • Tripura Public Service Commission
  • Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission
  • Uttarakhand Public Service Commission

Full Form of SSC

SSC or Staff Selection Commission is a body which recruits staffs for various posts in the various Ministries and Departments of the Government of India. It also recruits for subordinates offices. SSC MTS or ‘Staff Selection Commission Multi-Tasking Staff’ is an important workforce for the daily operations of cleaning, washing etc. that are related to different government departments. The employees are hired in CCAS cadre (Central Civil Accounts Service) of the Group ‘C.’ They are offered promotions within this group, based on seniority.

Writing a good essay for SSC MTS

Essay writing is the soul of the paper. You have to keep in mind the following points to come fully-prepared in the exam:

  • The introductory paragraph of the essay sets the most important impact on a reader’s mind, so always choose a provocative topic.
  • Be very creative in the introductory paragraph. Try to use quotations by famous writers. Not only will it sail you through the topic easily but also make a good impression upon the paper checker.
  • Follow the proverb that says, ‘the first impression is the last impression.’ Your introduction or the opening lines should be impressive and create some influence on a reader’s mind. Your introduction of the essay should have the central idea but do not fully explain it.

Format of SSC MTS Essay Writing

Try to divide all your viewpoints, arguments or opinions into paragraphs with continuity. It is advisable to divide your essay into 3 paragraphs, but it entirely depends on how complex the topic is.

  • 1st Paragraph – It should include the strongest points.
  • 2nd Paragraph– It should include all less strong points.
  • 3rd Paragraph– It should include the weakest arguments.

Note: Do not start writing without having an exact plan. Don’t beat around the bush, and keep it to the topic.


  • Finalise all your opinions in the last paragraph.
  • Bring in your central idea back, this way you will let your reader know you are wrapping up.

Important tips on Essay Writing – SSC MTS Descriptive Test 2018

  1. Just read! This might sound cliché but it is exactly what is going to help.
  2. Enhance your vocabulary. This will save you from making unnecessary long sentences.
  3. Make writing a daily part of your life and gradually writing an essay or a letter will not be a task for you. 


Here is the cut-off for multi-tasking (non-technical) staff examination, 2016 for candidates qualified in Paper-I for appearing in Paper-II.

Category              Official Cut-off
SC (Candidates available-12,210)100.50
ST (Candidates available-10,928)87.00
OBC (Candidates available-45,420)101.00
ExS (Candidates available-2,704)49.50
OH (Candidates available-2,386)93.00
HH (Candidates available-916)49.50
VH (Candidates available-1,191)76.00
UR (Candidates available-83,427)110.50

Note: The total no. of candidates who appeared in the exam-1,59,182

* 8405 SC, 2017 ST, 44683 OBC candidates qualified at UR standard

SSC MTS Salary

Multi-Tasking Staff is a general central service group ‘C’ non-gazetted, which is a non-ministerial post that falls under Payband-1 (Rs.5200 – 20200) + Grade Pay Rs.1800. However, the take-home salary of MTS ranges between Rs. 18,000 – 22,000 /month (approximately). The salary could also vary slightly based on location, allowances etc.

The SSC MTS Grade Pay increases with every Promotion:

  • First Promotion: Rs. 1900/- after 3 years of service.
  • Second Promotion: Rs. 2000/- after 3 years of service.
  • Third Promotion: Rs. 2400/- after 5 years of service.
  • And so on up to Rs.5400/-

SSC MTS Work Profile

The job of Multitasking staff is sometimes challenging and needs hard work with timely results.


Peon, Dafatry, Jamadar, Farash, Chowkidar(Gate-keeper), Safaiwala, Mali, Junior Gestetner Operator etc.

Nature of Job

Candidates have to meet the following responsibilities and duties that come with the SSC MTS Jobs:

  • General cleanliness and upkeep of the Section or Unit
  • Cleaning of rooms and dusting of furniture etc.
  • Carrying of important files and papers.
  • Physical maintenance of records of the Section.
  • Photocopying, sending of fax, etc.
  • Other non-clerical work in the Section or Unit.
  • Assisting in routine office work like the diary, dispatch, etc.
  • Assisting on the computer.
  • Delivering of Dak (outside the building).
  • Watch and ward duties.
  • Opening and closing of rooms.
  • Cleaning of the building, fixtures, etc.
  • Work related to his ITI qualifications, if it exists.
  • Driving of vehicles, if in possession of a valid driving license.
  • Upkeep of lawns, parks, potted plants, etc.
  • Any other work assigned by the superior authority.

Full Form of ACP

ACP or Assistant Commissioner of Police is one of the higher ranks in the Indian Police Services. Assistant Commissioner of Police and Deputy Superintendent of Police, both work at the same rank in the police. Both the designations get 3 stars to wear on their Uniforms.

There two ways of acquiring the position or rank of an ACP are:

  • Promotion from the state police cadre after successful completion of 15-20 years of service
  • Direct selection through UPSC (designated as IPS)

In both the ways, the Minimum qualification is graduation in any chosen subject.

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By Asad yar Khan

Asad Yar Khan is Former Chairman of AMC, an educational NGO. A passionate proponent of education development, his favour...more

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